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This study reports a family comprising four generations in whom nephritis, deafness, congenital cataracts, macrothrombocytopenia, and leukocyte inclusions were observed in varying combinations in eight of 17 members. The family differs from others reported in that their hematologic abnormalities include not only macrothrombocytopenia, but also small, pale(More)
We studied whether administration of nitric oxide (NO) donors reduces the ischemic damage resulting from middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). In halothane-anesthetized and ventilated SHRs, the MCA was occluded. CBF was monitored using a laser-Doppler flowmeter. Three to five minutes after MCA occlusion, the NO(More)
A concerted flow of actin filaments associated with the inner face of the plasma membrane may provide the basis for many animal cell movements. The flow is driven by gradients of tension in the cell cortex, which pull cortical components from regions of relaxation to regions of contraction. In some cases cortical components return through the cytoplasm to(More)
Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is an autosomal-recessive condition characterized by oculocutaneous albinism and a bleeding diathesis due to absent platelet delta granules. HPS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder of intracellular vesicle biogenesis. We first screened all our patients with HPS-like symptoms for mutations in the genes responsible for(More)
  • J G White
  • 1972
The existence of two separate groups of membrane-enclosed channels in platelets, the open canalicular system (OCS) and the dense tubular system (DTS), has been recognized for several years. The present study has employed ultrastructural observations on normal platelets, cells from a child with the gray platelet syndrome and cytochemical localization of(More)
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), consisting of oculocutaneous albinism and a bleeding diathesis due to the absence of platelet dense granules, displays extensive locus heterogeneity. HPS1 mutations cause HPS-1 disease, and ADTB3A mutations cause HPS-2 disease, which is known to involve abnormal intracellular vesicle formation. A third HPS-causing gene,(More)
May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA) and Fechtner (FTNS) and Sebastian (SBS) syndromes are autosomal dominant platelet disorders that share macrothrombocytopenia and characteristic leukocyte inclusions. FTNS has the additional clinical features of nephritis, deafness, and cataracts. Previously, mutations in the nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 9 gene (MYH9), which encodes(More)
The May-Hegglin anomaly is one of the rare forms of heriditary thrombocytopenia. Since fewer than 100 cases of May-Hegglin anomaly have been described to date, major controversies regarding the adequacy of hemostasis in vivo and abnormalities of platelet function in vitro continue to prevail. This report describes the results of coagulation, platelet(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets have three major types of secretory organelles: lysosomes, dense granules, and alpha-granules. alpha-Granules contain several adhesive proteins involved in hemostasis, as well as glycoproteins involved in inflammation, wound healing, and cell-matrix interactions. This article represents the first effort to define the platelet(More)
Activated plasma complement will induce biphasic aggregation of human granulocytes dectable by standard nephelometric techniques. The responsible active component was suggested to be C5a by molecular weight and heat-stability assays; moreover, aggragating activity was ablated by anti-C5 but not anti-C3 antibodies. C5a prepared by trypsinization of purified(More)