James Gaensbauer

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiologic and clinical syndromes associated with pediatric neuroinvasive arboviral infections among children in the United States from 2003 through 2012. METHODS We reviewed data reported by state health departments to ArboNET, the national arboviral surveillance system, for 2003 through 2012. Children (<18 years) with(More)
Helicobacter pylori strains may be either cagA+ or cagA-, and in logitudinal studies, infection with a cagA+ strain has been associated with increased risk for the development of atrophic gastritis and cancer of the distal stomach. We sought to determine the relative proportion of strains producing CagA in different geographic locales, and the extent to(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic strategies based on empirical testing and treatment to identify herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in neonates may not be appropriate for older children in whom the most common presentation of severe infection is encephalitis, a rare and clinically recognizable condition. METHODS Use of acyclovir in infants and children in 6 common(More)
BACKGROUND Replacement of the trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) with bivalent types 1 and 3 oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV) and global introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) are major steps in the polio endgame strategy. In this study, we assessed humoral and intestinal immunity in Latin American infants after three doses of bOPV(More)
To determine whether immune function is impaired among HIV-exposed but -uninfected (HEU) infants born to HIV-infected mothers and to identify potential vulnerabilities to vaccine-preventable infection, we characterized the mother-to-infant placental transfer of Haemophilus influenzae type b-specific IgG (Hib-IgG) and its levels and avidity after vaccination(More)
Colonization with Helicobacter pylori eventuates in varied clinical outcomes, which relate to both bacterial and host factors. Here we examine the relationships between cagA status, serum and gastric juice antibody responses, and gastric inflammation in dyspeptic patients. Serum, gastric juice, and gastric biopsy specimens were obtained from 89 patients(More)
The Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database collects admission, diagnostic, and treatment data among 44 children's hospitals across the United States (U.S.) and presents an opportunity for travel-associated infectious disease (TAID) surveillance. We calculated cumulative incidence rates among children admitted to 16 PHIS hospitals for dengue,(More)
Background. As diarrheal stool samples are the recommended specimen for testing in acute gastroenteritis (AGE), etiological investigations are rarely performed in children presenting with isolated vomiting. This study identifies enteropathogens in children with AGE presenting with isolated vomiting. Methods. Children <18 years old with ≥3 episodes of(More)
Very little is known about how spatial distance influences viral evolution or what local spatio-temporal patterns of evolution look like. In this study, we use data from a randomized controlled efficacy trial of an 11-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV) undertaken in the Bohol province of the Philippines from July 2000 to December 2004. Viral culture and(More)