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Recent evidence suggests that CPP32 is an essential component of an aspartate-specific cysteine protease (ASCP) cascade responsible for apoptosis execution in mammalian cells. Activation of CPP32 could lead to activation of other downstream ASCPs, resulting in late morphological changes such as lamin cleavage and DNA fragmentation, observed in cells(More)
BACKGROUND This phase 3 study further characterizes the efficacy and safety of reslizumab (a humanized anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody) in patients aged 12 to 75 years with asthma inadequately controlled by at least a medium-dose inhaled corticosteroid and with a blood eosinophil count ≥ 400 cells/μL. METHODS Patients were randomized to receive reslizumab(More)
BACKGROUND IL-5, a mediator of eosinophil activity, is an important potential treatment target in patients with uncontrolled asthma. The efficacy of reslizumab, a humanized anti-human IL-5 monoclonal antibody, has been characterized in patients with blood eosinophils ≥ 400 cells/μL. This study further characterizes the efficacy and safety of reslizumab in(More)
Inflammation in allergic individuals is hypothesized to elevate stress proteins [heat shock proteins (HSP)] in airway epithelium, which may protect cells from further adverse conditions. Allergic, either asthmatic or not, and normal volunteers participated in a 2-day segmental allergen challenge bronchoscopic procedure. Bronchial epithelium was obtained(More)
Recent evidence suggests that members of the interleukin-1-beta-converting enzyme (ICE)/Ced-3 family are key mediators of mammalian apoptosis. The known members of the ICE/Ced-3 cysteine protease family are synthesized as proenzymes and require proteolytic processing to produce active, heterodimeric enzymes. The baculovirus protein P35 has recently been(More)
RATIONALE Asthmatic airway remodelling is characterized by myofibroblast hyperplasia and subbasement membrane collagen deposition. We hypothesized that cytokines and growth factors implicated in asthmatic airway remodelling are increased in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of asthmatics after segmental allergen challenge (SAC), and that these growth(More)
This work investigated whether interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) release from epithelial cells is modulated by antigen challenge in vivo, and inflammatory cells in vitro. Bronchial epithelial cells were obtained before and after segmental allergen challenge in allergic and normal individuals, and were cultured with and without autologous bronchoalveolar lavage(More)
BACKGROUND Ozone (O(3)) exposure evokes asthma exacerbations by mechanisms that are poorly understood. We used a murine model to characterize the effects of O(3) on allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness and to identify factors that might contribute to the O(3)-induced exacerbation of asthma. METHODS BALB/c mice were sensitized and(More)