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In Drosophila, a small group of maternal effect genes, including oskar, defines a shared pathway leading to the provision of two determinants at the posterior pole of the embryo. One determinant is the posterior body patterning morphogen nanos, and the other directs germ cell formation. Overexpression of oskar causes the shared pathway to be hyperactivated,(More)
Positioning of the translation initiation complex on mRNAs requires interaction between the anticodon of initiator Met-tRNA, associated with eIF2-GTP and 40S ribosomal subunit, and the cognate start codon of the mRNA. We show that an internal ribosome entry site located in the genome of cricket paralysis virus can form 80S ribosomes without initiator(More)
To investigate molecular mechanisms controlling plant morphogenesis, we examined the morphology of primary roots of Arabidopsis thaliana and the organization of cortical microtubules in response to inhibitors of serine/threonine protein phosphatases and kinases. We found that cantharidin, an inhibitor of types 1 and 2A protein phosphatases, as previously(More)
A study was made of [3H]glycine uptake sites in a preparation greatly enriched in large pieces of the cerebellar glomeruli (glomerulus particles) and in morphologically well preserved slices of rat cerebellum. Electron microscopic autoradiography revealed that of the neurones in the cerebellar cortex only Golgi cells transported [3H]glycine at the low(More)
The distribution of beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, EC 1.1.1.30) in the developing rat cerebellum has been determined using a histochemical method. Staining of Purkinje cells, particularly the soma, was seen at all ages examined. Intense staining of the proximal portions of Purkinje dendrites was noted at 8-11 days(More)
Trypsinization of coronal sections of rat brain, followed by incubation with the chelating agent, ethyleneglycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA), results in selective release of ciliated cuboidal ependymal cells which may be further purified by centrifugal methods. The isolated cells are motile, viable, and exhibit ultrastructure(More)
Many prevention studies are now designed with complementary interventions in different settings. Evaluations of these interventions require assessing the child's behavior in each of these settings. Conducting these studies, therefore, may involve recruiting school districts, principals, classroom teachers, peers, parents, siblings, and in later years,(More)
SUMMARY Although the 1000 Genomes haplotypes are the most commonly used reference panel for imputation, medical sequencing projects are generating large alternate sets of sequenced samples. Imputation in African Americans using 3384 haplotypes from the Exome Sequencing Project, compared with 2184 haplotypes from 1000 Genomes Project, increased effective(More)
Calcium ion alone or in the presence of added calmodulin stimulated in vitro transfer of 32P from [gamma 32P]ATP into several proteins of mitochondrial and synaptosomal particulate fractions from rat brain. Strontium ion was capable of substituting for calcium ion in this stimulation, but barium ion lacked this capacity. These results bring into question(More)