James G . Wieler Ralph J . Donaldson

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STUDY OBJECTIVE Actigraphy, a method of inferring sleep from the presence or absence of wrist movement, has been well validated against polysomnography in trials with people without insomnia. However, the small amount of literature on validation with insomniacs has revealed an actigraphy bias toward overscoring sleep. The current validation trial with(More)
The characteristics of histamine-stimulated inositol phospholipid breakdown in slices of guinea-pig ileal smooth muscle and cerebellum have been investigated. In cerebellar slices the inhibition of the inositol phospholipid response to histamine by mepyramine was consistent with competitive antagonism of histamine H1-receptors. In slices of the longitudinal(More)
The effect of the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor rolipram on the cyclic AMP responses to adenosine, histamine and combinations of these two agonists, was examined in [3H]adenine-labelled slices of guinea-pig cerebral cortex. Constant levels of [3H]-cyclic AMP were achieved within 10 min of agonist addition, both in the presence and absence of rolipram(More)
1. The effect on histamine-stimulated [3H]-inositol phosphate accumulation of a range of agents which increase the accumulation, or mimic the actions, of cyclic AMP has been investigated in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. 2. Salbutamol (1 microM), forskolin (1 microM) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP, 1 microM) inhibited the inositol phosphate response(More)
The effect of 1,4-dithiothreitol (DTT) on histamine H1-receptor agonist affinity and efficacy has been investigated in longitudinal muscle strips of guinea-pig ileum. Exposure of ileal smooth muscle to DTT significantly increased the maximal responses to the partial agonists SKF71473 and DE-2PEA, indicative of an increase in agonist efficacy. This effect(More)
An investigation was made of a range of agents capable of elevating tissue cyclic AMP levels, or acting as a stable analogue of cyclic AMP, upon carbachol induced inositol phosphate responses in bovine tracheal smooth muscle slices. Whereas the beta 2 adrenoceptor agonist salbutamol (1 microM) and the membrane permeable analogue of cyclic AMP,(More)
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a surgical emergency warranting prompt evaluation and treatment. It can occur with any elevation in interstitial pressure in a closed osseo-fascial compartment. Resultant ischaemic damage may be irreversible within six hours and can result in long-term morbidity and even death. The diagnosis is largely clinical with the(More)
Rotator cuff disease is becoming more prevalent and is a significant source of pain and disability. Current methods of treating rotator cuff dysfunction have inconsistent results and there is a high rate of recurrent tear and failure. This has prompted the search for novel solutions and the use of tissue engineered strategies and approaches. This article(More)
Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for treatment of osteoid osteoma is effective and avoids the potential complications of open surgical resection. This study evaluates the efficacy of RFA at a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital and highlights an important complication. The medical records of 21 cases of RFA in 21 children between 2004 and 2010(More)
Elastofibroma dorsi is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing soft-tissue tumour of uncertain aetiology. It classically presents as an ill-defined mass at the inferior pole of the scapula with symptoms which include swelling, discomfort, snapping, stiffness and occasionally pain. We report the symptoms, function and outcome after treatment of 21 elastofibromas(More)