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The results of facial surgery are intuitively judged in terms of the visible changes in facial features or proportions. However, describing these morphologic outcomes objectively remains a challenge. Biometric morphing addresses this issue by merging statistical shape analysis and image processing. This study describes the implementation of biometric(More)
A method is proposed to determine the cone-beam x-ray acquisition geometry of an imaging system using a phantom consisting of discrete x-ray opaque markers defining two parallel rings sharing a common axis. The phantom generates an image of two ellipses which are fitted to an ellipse model. A phantom-centric coordinate system is used to simplify the(More)
PURPOSE To compare the cartilage thickness of the third toe joints to the finger proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints to assess the appropriateness of using third toe osteochondral grafts for finger PIP joint reconstruction. METHODS A laser scanner was used to construct 3-dimensional computer models of 6 matched cadaver right third toe PIP joints,(More)
PURPOSE The utilization of three-dimensional modeling technology in craniomaxillofacial surgery has grown exponentially during the last decade. Future development, however, is hindered by the lack of a normative three-dimensional anatomic dataset and a statistical mean three-dimensional virtual model. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a(More)