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The results of facial surgery are intuitively judged in terms of the visible changes in facial features or proportions. However, describing these morphologic outcomes objectively remains a challenge. Biometric morphing addresses this issue by merging statistical shape analysis and image processing. This study describes the implementation of biometric(More)
A pulse-height spectroscopic technique is used to measure the linear attenuation coefficients of commercially available composite phantom materials designed to simulate the attenuation characteristics of breast fat and breast glandular tissue. The manufacturers have specified the composition of these materials with the goal of matching the linear(More)
We have developed a novel direct conversion detector for use in a slot-scanning digital mammography system. The slot-scan concept allows for dose efficient scatter rejection and the ability to use small detectors to produce a large-area image. The detector is a hybrid design with a 1.0 mm thick silicon PIN photodiode array (the x-ray absorber) indium-bump(More)
Oblique incidence of x rays on an imaging detector causes blurring that reduces spatial resolution. For simple projection imaging this effect is small and often ignored. However, for breast tomosynthesis, the incidence angle can be larger (>20 degrees), leading to increased blur for some of the projections. The modulation transfer function (MTF) is measured(More)
Digital breast tomosynthesis uses a limited number (typically 10-20) of low-dose x-ray projections to produce a pseudo-three-dimensional volume tomographic reconstruction of the breast. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize and evaluate the effect of scattered radiation on the image quality for breast tomosynthesis. In a simulation, scatter(More)
Using fiber optic manufacturing techniques, it is possible to produce a radiographic grid that discriminates against scattered radiation in two dimensions. Such grids consist of septa composed of glass with a high lead content; the interspace material is air, so that approximately 80% of the grid area is open. In this way, effective high ratio grids can be(More)
PURPOSE To assess a schema for estimating the risk of radiation-induced breast cancer following exposure of the breast to ionizing radiation as would occur with mammography and to provide data that can be used to estimate the potential number of breast cancers, cancer deaths, and woman-years of life lost attributable to radiation exposure delivered(More)
A method is proposed to determine the cone-beam x-ray acquisition geometry of an imaging system using a phantom consisting of discrete x-ray opaque markers defining two parallel rings sharing a common axis. The phantom generates an image of two ellipses which are fitted to an ellipse model. A phantom-centric coordinate system is used to simplify the(More)
Direct conversion detectors offer the potential for very high resolution and high quantum efficiency for x-ray imaging, however, variations in signal can arise due to incomplete charge collection. A charge transport model was developed to describe the signal and noise resulting from incomplete charge collection. This signal to noise ratio (SNR) reduction(More)
PURPOSE To compare physical measures pertaining to image quality among digital mammography systems utilized in a large breast screening program. To examine qualitatively differences in these measures and differences in clinical cancer detection rates between CR and DR among sites within that program. METHODS As part of the routine quality assurance(More)