James G. Linneman

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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are routinely being used to examine the genetic contribution to complex human traits, such as high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Although HDL-C levels are highly heritable (h(2)∼0.7), the genetic determinants identified through GWAS contribute to a small fraction of the variance in this trait. Reasons for(More)
BACKGROUND The eMERGE (electronic MEdical Records and Genomics) network, funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute, is a national consortium formed to develop, disseminate, and apply approaches to research that combine DNA biorepositories with electronic health record (EHR) systems for large-scale, high-throughput genetic research. Marshfield(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels are inversely correlated with the development of cardiovascular disease. To date, genetic association studies have explained only a small proportion of the overall variance in HDL cholesterol. Further studies are needed, within practice-based cohorts, to place genetic findings into context alongside(More)
OBJECTIVE There is increasing interest in using electronic health records (EHRs) to identify subjects for genomic association studies, due in part to the availability of large amounts of clinical data and the expected cost efficiencies of subject identification. We describe the construction and validation of an EHR-based algorithm to identify subjects with(More)
The need for formal representations of eligibility criteria for clinical trials - and for phenotyping more generally - has been recognized for some time. Indeed, the availability of a formal computable representation that adequately reflects the types of data and logic evidenced in trial designs is a prerequisite for the automatic identification of(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to identify subgroups of the farm population that are particularly vulnerable to head injury. METHODS A retrospective case series of hospitalized head injuries was assembled from a national registry of agricultural injuries. Vulnerable subgroups were identified based on a priori criteria and the causes and(More)
The Marshfield Clinic Personalized Medicine Research Project (PMRP) represents a large population-based biobank located in central Wisconsin. To position the PMRP database for large-scale pharmacogenetic association studies in the context of lipid-lowering therapy, we constructed an electronic phenotyping algorithm to quantify exposure and dose-response for(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits and efficacy of the influenza vaccine have been controversial and have had mixed reviews in the recent literature. Immunosuppressed patients and those receiving chemotherapy are particularly at risk for infectious complications and are therefore given high priority to receiving prophylactic vaccines. METHOD We administered the(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors had a unique opportunity to study the early impacts of occupational and recreational exposures on the development of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in a cohort of 392 young workers. The objectives of this study were to estimate strength of associations between occupational and recreational exposures and occurrence of early-stage(More)
OBJECT Symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) has a high risk of recurrent stroke. Genetic polymorphisms in CYP2C19 and CES1 are associated with adverse outcomes in cardiovascular patients, but have not been studied in ICAD. The authors studied CYP2C19 and CES1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in symptomatic ICAD patients. METHODS(More)