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As our understanding of age-related cognitive decline advances, studies are now focusing on identification of those areas of cognitive function that undergo the first changes with age. In the present study, in order to determine whether executive function is sensitive to the aging process, we assessed the performance of 16 monkeys of middle-age (12-19 years(More)
Functional assessment of the prefrontal cortices in the non-human primate began with the seminal work of Jacobsen in the 1930s. However, despite nearly 70 years of research, the precise nature of the cognitive function of this region remains unclear. One factor that has limited progress in this endeavor has been the lack of behavioral tasks that parallel(More)
Understanding the nature of changes in cognition with aging has increased in importance as the number of individuals over the age of 65 years grows. To date, studies have demonstrated that age-related changes occur most extensively in the cognitive domains of memory and executive function. Whereas a large number of studies have been conducted about the(More)
The "frontal aging hypothesis" has been proposed by many researchers suggesting that the earliest and most severe age-related changes in the cortex occur in the frontal lobes. Two of these changes include decreases in cognitive functions mediated by the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and significant decreases in norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA). To(More)
BACKGROUND Because most human stroke victims are elderly, studies of experimental stroke in the aged rather than the young rat model may be optimal for identifying clinically relevant cellular responses, as well for pinpointing beneficial interventions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We employed the Affymetrix platform to analyze the whole-gene(More)
The authors tested 90 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) on a task of spatial memory, the spatial Delayed Recognition Span Test. The results showed that performance declined significantly with age, males had greater scores than females, and the rate of apparent decline with age was greater in males than in females. Both working and reference memory declined(More)
Heart disease is common in both humans and chimpanzees, manifesting typically as sudden cardiac arrest or progressive heart failure. Surprisingly, although chimpanzees are our closest evolutionary relatives, the major cause of heart disease is different in the two species. Histopathology data of affected chimpanzee hearts from two primate centers, and(More)
  • Agnès Lacreuse, Maria M Diehl, Mark Y Goh, Marisa J Hall, Alyssa M Volk, Rashmeet K Chhabra +1 other
  • 2005
The nigrostriatal system is critical for fine motor function and its deterioration during aging is thought to underlie the decline in fine manual ability of old persons. Because estrogen has a neuroprotective effect on this system, one might expect women's motor function to be less vulnerable to the detrimental effects of aging than that of men. We examined(More)
The Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infected macaque model exhibits neuropathological symptoms similar to those of HIV(+) patients, and is ideal for studying cognitive impairment and neuropathological sequelae of disease in repeated measurements. The aim of this study is to use Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and perfusion MRI to longitudinally access(More)
Declines in fine motor skills and cognitive function are well known features of human aging. Yet, the relationship between age-related impairments in motor and cognitive function remains unclear. Rhesus monkeys, like humans, show marked decline in cognitive and fine motor function with age and are excellent models to investigate potential interactions(More)