James G. Ferry

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Carbonic anhydrases catalyze the reversible hydration of CO(2) [CO(2)+H(2)Oright harpoon over left harpoon HCO(3)(-)+H(+)]. Since the discovery of this zinc (Zn) metalloenzyme in erythrocytes over 65 years ago, carbonic anhydrase has not only been found in virtually all mammalian tissues but is also abundant in plants and green unicellular algae. The enzyme(More)
A new acetotrophic marine methane-producing bacterium that was isolated from the methane-evolving sediments of a marine canyon is described. Exponential phase cultures grown with sodium acetate contained irregularly shaped cocci that aggregated in the early stationary phase and finally differentiated into communal cysts that released individual cocci when(More)
Methanogenesis, the biological production of methane, plays a pivotal role in the global carbon cycle and contributes significantly to global warming. The majority of methane in nature is derived from acetate. Here we report the complete genome sequence of an acetate-utilizing methanogen, Methanosarcina acetivorans C2A. Methanosarcineae are the most(More)
A carbonic anhydrase from the thermophilic archaeon Methanosarcina thermophila that exhibits no significant sequence similarity to known carbonic anhydrases has recently been characterized. Here we present the structure of this enzyme, which adopts a left-handed parallel beta-helix fold. This fold is of particular interest since it contains only left-handed(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) from acetate-grown Methanosarcina thermophila was purified > 10,000-fold (22% recovery) to apparent homogeneity with a specific activity of 4872 units/mg. The estimated native molecular mass of the enzyme is 84 kDa based on gel filtration chromatography. SDS/PAGE revealed one protein band with an apparent molecular mass of 40 kDa.(More)
Methanogenic bacteria with a coccobacillus morphology similar to Methanobrevibacter ruminantium were isolated from the bovine rumen. One isolate, 10-16B, represented a previously undescribed rumen population that, unlike M. ruminantium, synthesized coenzyme M, grew rapidly (mu = 0.24 h-1) on H2-CO2 in a complex medium, had simple nutritional requirements,(More)
Methanosarcina acetivorans produces acetate, formate, and methane when cultured with CO as the growth substrate [Rother M, Metcalf WW (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:], which suggests novel features of CO metabolism. Here we present a genome-wide proteomic approach to identify and quantify proteins differentially abundant in response to growth on CO(More)
WrbA (tryptophan [W] repressor-binding protein) was discovered in Escherichia coli, where it was proposed to play a role in regulation of the tryptophan operon; however, this has been put in question, leaving the function unknown. Here we report a phylogenetic analysis of 30 sequences which indicated that WrbA is the prototype of a distinct family of(More)
Methanoarchaea, the largest and most phylogenetically diverse group in the Archaea domain, have evolved energy-yielding pathways marked by one-carbon biochemistry featuring novel cofactors and enzymes. All of the pathways have in common the two-electron reduction of methyl-coenzyme M to methane catalyzed by methyl-coenzyme M reductase but deviate in the(More)
Carbonic anhydrases catalyze the reversible hydration of CO(2) and are ubiquitous in highly evolved eukaryotes. The recent identification of a third class of carbonic anhydrase (gamma class) in a methanoarchaeon and our present finding that the beta class also extends into thermophilic species from the Archaea domain led us to initiate a systematic search(More)