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Postpartum infertility is caused by four factors: general infertility, lack of uterine involution, short estrous cycles and anestrus. The general infertility component is common to any estrous cycle and reduces potential fertility by 20 to 30%. Incomplete uterine involution prevents fertilization during the first 20 d after calving but is not related to(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if pregnancy rates (PR) differed between beef heifers bred to fertile bulls on either their puberal (E1, n = 89) or third (E3, n = 67) estrus. Heifers were obtained from two lactations (Manhattan, L1; and Miles City, L2), and the experiment was conducted at Miles City. Heifers were assigned randomly within(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative diseases that can induce endocrinopathies. The basis of altered endocrine function in prion diseases is not well understood, and the purpose of this study was to investigate the spatiotemporal relationship between energy homeostasis and prion infection in hamsters inoculated with either the 139H strain of scrapie(More)
Crossbred gilts were ovariectomized (OVX) at 120, 150, 180 and 210 d of age to determine whether various characteristics of luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations are influenced by age and reproductive state (prepuberal vs postpuberal). All 120-d-old gilts were prepuberal and all 210-d-old animals were postpuberal, whereas gilts 150 and 180 d old included(More)
The level and pattern of growth hormone (GH) secretion were investigated in mature ovariectomized gilts after hypophysial stalk transection and sham operation. A nylon disk was inserted between severed ends of the stalk to prevent vascular regeneration. Blood samples were collected via indwelling jugular catheters at 15-min intervals for 3 hr, 2 days before(More)
Two trials were conducted in which Angus x Hereford first-calf cows were assigned randomly at calving to one of two treatments: exposure to mature penile-blocked bulls (BE) or isolation from bulls (NE). In Trial 1 (BE, n = 38; NE, n = 37), cow to bull ratio increased from 12:1 to 19:1 over a 14-d period; in Trial 2 (BE, n = 25; NE, n = 24), this ratio was(More)
Hypothalamic regulation PRL secretion was investigated in 13 7-month-old Yorkshire gilts by comparing the effects of hypophysial stalk transection and sham operation. Ovariectomized gilts were fitted with an indwelling cannula in the anterior vena cava to determine sequential serum profiles of PRL secretion before, during, and 190 h after cranial surgery. A(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of bull excretory products on the resumption of postpartum luteal function in primiparous, restricted-suckled cows. Hypotheses tested were that resumption of luteal function or proportions of cows that initiate luteal cycling did not differ among cows exposed to a bull (BE), exposed to excretory(More)