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The objective of this study was to determine if pregnancy rates (PR) differed between beef heifers bred to fertile bulls on either their puberal (E1, n = 89) or third (E3, n = 67) estrus. Heifers were obtained from two lactations (Manhattan, L1; and Miles City, L2), and the experiment was conducted at Miles City. Heifers were assigned randomly within(More)
Postpartum infertility is caused by four factors: general infertility, lack of uterine involution, short estrous cycles and anestrus. The general infertility component is common to any estrous cycle and reduces potential fertility by 20 to 30%. Incomplete uterine involution prevents fertilization during the first 20 d after calving but is not related to(More)
BACKGROUND The physiological mechanism by which bulls stimulate resumption of ovarian cycling activity in postpartum, anovular, suckled cows after calving may involve the concurrent activation of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-ovarian (HPO) axis and hypothalamic-hypophyseal-adrenal (HPA) axis. Thus, the objectives of this experiment were to determine if(More)
Crossbred gilts were ovariectomized (OVX) at 120, 150, 180 and 210 d of age to determine whether various characteristics of luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations are influenced by age and reproductive state (prepuberal vs postpuberal). All 120-d-old gilts were prepuberal and all 210-d-old animals were postpuberal, whereas gilts 150 and 180 d old included(More)
Luteinizing hormone-human chorionic gonadotropin (LH-hCG) binding capacity for testes of boars and receptor sites per Leydig cell were estimated during pubertal development from 70 to 250 days of age, and changes in these two traits were correlated with morphological and endocrine parameters. Binding capacity increased linearly from 70 to 160 days of age,(More)
Mating behavior is known to be heritable in several species, but it is not known if selection schemes for ewe reproductive traits affect mating behavior of rams. Therefore, our objectives were to determine if divergent (high vs low index) selection of a female reproductive trait (lambs born divided by age of ewe minus one) affects mating behavior patterns(More)
The level and pattern of growth hormone (GH) secretion were investigated in mature ovariectomized gilts after hypophysial stalk transection and sham operation. A nylon disk was inserted between severed ends of the stalk to prevent vascular regeneration. Blood samples were collected via indwelling jugular catheters at 15-min intervals for 3 hr, 2 days before(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative diseases that can induce endocrinopathies. The basis of altered endocrine function in prion diseases is not well understood, and the purpose of this study was to investigate the spatiotemporal relationship between energy homeostasis and prion infection in hamsters inoculated with either the 139H strain of scrapie(More)