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Fungal endophytes: diversity and functional roles.
All plants in natural ecosystems appear to be symbiotic with fungal endophytes. This highly diverse group of fungi can have profound impacts on plant communities through increasing fitness byExpand
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Nomenclatural realignment of Neotyphodium species with genus Epichloë
Nomenclatural rule changes in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants, adopted at the 18th International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia, in 2011, provide for aExpand
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Phylogenetic evidence for an animal pathogen origin of ergot and the grass endophytes
Grass‐associated fungi (grass symbionts) in the family Clavicipitaceae (Ascomycota, Hypocreales) are species whose host range is restricted to the plant family Poaceae and rarely Cyperaceae. TheExpand
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Systematic analysis of the falcate-spored graminicolous Colletotrichum and a description of six new species from warm-season grasses
Species limits in the fungal genus Colletotrichum are traditionally distinguished by appressorial and/or conidial morphology or through host plant association, but both criteria are criticized forExpand
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Is plant endophyte-mediated defensive mutualism the result of oxidative stress protection?
In this review, we discuss the biology and beneficial effects of plant endophytes on host plants. The current explanation of endophyte protection (defensive mutualism) of host plants is based on theExpand
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New molecular markers for fungal phylogenetics: two genes for species-level systematics in the Sordariomycetes (Ascomycota).
Although significant progress has been made resolving deep branches of the fungal tree of life, many fungal systematists are interested in species-level questions to both define species and assessExpand
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Systematics of genus Gnomoniopsis (Gnomoniaceae, Diaporthales) based on a three gene phylogeny, host associations and morphology
Species of Gnomoniopsis are leaf- and stem-inhabiting pyrenomycetes that infect plants in Fagaceae, Onagraceae and Rosaceae. Morphology and analyses of DNA sequences from three ribosomal DNA andExpand
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Phylogenetic placement and taxonomic review of the genus Cryptosporella and its synonyms Ophiovalsa and Winterella (Gnomoniaceae, Diaporthales).
The type species of Cryptosporella, C. hypodermia, and Ophiovalsa, O. suffusa, as well as closely related species were studied using morphological, cultural, and DNA sequence characteristics. DNAExpand
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Phoma glomerata as a Mycoparasite of Powdery Mildew
ABSTRACT Ampelomyces and Phoma species are frequently confused with each other. Isolates previously attributed to the genus Ampelomyces were shown to be Phomaisolates through studies of theirExpand
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Taxonomic placement of Epichloë poae sp. nov. and horizontal dissemination to seedlings via conidia
A new Epichloë species distributed in Africa, Europe, North America and South America on host genera Bromus, Festuca, Lolium and Poa is described. Stromata, characteristic of the genus, frequentlyExpand
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