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Malaria parasite clones with the highest transmission rates to mosquitoes also tend to induce the most severe fitness consequences (or virulence) in mammals. This is in accord with expectations from the virulence-transmission trade-off hypothesis. However, the mechanisms underlying how different clones cause virulence are not well understood. Here, using(More)
Memory is among the most important and neglected forces that shapes animal movement patterns. Research on the movement-memory interface is crucial to understand how animals use spatial learning to navigate across space because memory-based navigation is directly linked to animals' space use and home range behaviour; however, because memory cannot be(More)
Aggression by top predators can create a "landscape of fear" in which subordinate predators restrict their activity to low-risk areas or times of day. At large spatial or temporal scales, this can result in the costly loss of access to resources. However, fine-scale reactive avoidance may minimize the risk of aggressive encounters for subordinate predators(More)
Circuit theory emphasizes the importance of edge-crossing decisions in dispersal-scale movements of a forest passerine. Complex population dynamics in mussels arising from density-linked stochasticity. Sound level discrimination by gray treefrogs in the presence and absence of chorus-shaped noise. Graham. 2012. Revealing mechanisms underlying variation in(More)
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