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Complement activation contributes to the systemic inflammatory response induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. At the cellular level, cardiopulmonary bypass activates leukocytes and platelets; however the contribution of early (3a) versus late (C5a, soluble C5b-9) complement components to this activation is unclear. We used a model of simulated extracorporeal(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the abilities of the heparin management test (HMT) and the activated coagulation time (ACT) to provide a measurement of heparin effect in patients undergoing cardiac or peripheral vascular surgery. These measurements of heparin effect were also compared with measurements of heparin concentrations tested by anti-Xa activity. A secondary(More)
OBJECTIVE Complement activation is induced by cardiopulmonary bypass, and previous work found that late complement components (C5a, C5b-9) contribute to neutrophil and platelet activation during bypass. In the present study, we blocked C5b-9 formation during extracorporeal recirculation of whole blood to assess whether the membrane attack complex was(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces a systemic inflammatory response that causes substantial clinical morbidity. Activation of complement during CPB contributes significantly to this inflammatory process. We examined the capability of a novel therapeutic complement inhibitor to prevent pathological complement activation and tissue injury in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether individual patients show different patterns of fibrinolytic response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and whether preoperative or intraoperative parameters were predictive of these different patterns. Active t-PA, active PAI-1 and total t-PA antigen were measured in plasma samples obtained from 38 subjects,(More)
Thromboelastography (TEG) has been used after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to diagnose excessive postoperative hemorrhage. Conventional TEG during CPB is not possible due to the sensitivity of the TEG to even small amounts of heparin, which produces a nondiagnostic tracing. The purpose of this study was to compare heparin neutralization using heparinase or(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes leukocyte and platelet activation, resulting in upregulation of the adhesion receptor CD11b/CD18 on leukocytes and upregulation of P-selectin, the adhesion receptor that binds the activated platelet to polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and monocytes. Our laboratory has studied the expression of activation-dependent(More)