James Fielding Smith

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Recommended citation: APG IV (2016). This paper was compiled by James W. Byng, Mark W. Chase, Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Michael F. Fay, Walter S. Judd, David J. Mabberley, Alexander N. Sennikov, Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis and Peter F. Stevens, who were equally responsible and listed here in alphabetical order only, with contributions from Barbara(More)
The endemic Hawaiian lobeliads are exceptionally species rich and exhibit striking diversity in habitat, growth form, pollination biology and seed dispersal, but their origins and pattern of diversification remain shrouded in mystery. Up to five independent colonizations have been proposed based on morphological differences among extant taxa. We present a(More)
A combined parsimony analysis of the species of Phaseolus and closely related New World genera was performed with sequences from the nuclear ribosomal ITS/5.8 S and plastid trnK loci. Species relationships are resolved with high parsimony bootstrap support at all hierarchical levels. All species of Phaseolus, except five enigmatic ones, belong to one of(More)
Accurate classification systems based on evolution are imperative for biological investigations. The recent explosion of molecular phylogenetics has resulted in a much improved classification of angiosperms. More than five phylogenetic lineages have been recognized from Scrophulariaceae sensu lato since the family was determined to be polyphyletic; however,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among couples seeking fertility care and to identify the predictors of CAM use in this population. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Eight community and academic infertility practices. PATIENT(S) A total of 428 couples presenting for an infertility(More)
Tribe Anthocercideae (Solanaceae) is an Australian endemic group comprising 31 species in seven genera. Recent phylogenetic work has placed the Anthocercideae sister to Nicotiana. Two chloroplast DNA regions, ndhF and trnL/ F, were analyzed and the phylogeny was used to test the tribe’s monophyly, discover relationships within the tribe, and make inferences(More)
Tabebuia is one of the most commonly encountered genera of Bignoniaceae in the neotropics. Previous research has suggested that this genus may be paraphyletic and contain the tribe Crescentieae. Molecular sequence data of the chloroplast trnL-F and ndhF regions were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of Tabebuia, Crescentieae and related genera. A previously(More)
The female steroid hormone progesterone regulates ovulation and supports pregnancy, but also controls human sperm function within the female reproductive tract. Progesterone causes elevation of sperm intracellular Ca(2+) leading to sperm hyperactivation, acrosome reaction, and perhaps chemotaxis toward the egg. Although it has been suggested that(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of income, education, and race on the use and outcomes of infertility care. DESIGN Prospective cohort. SETTING Eight community and academic infertility practices. PATIENT(S) Three hundred ninety-one women presenting for an infertility evaluation. INTERVENTION(S) Face-to-face and telephone interviews and(More)