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Haemopoietic-cell transplantation (HCT) is an intensive therapy used to treat high-risk haematological malignant disorders and other life-threatening haematological and genetic diseases. The main complication of HCT is graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), an immunological disorder that affects many organ systems, including the gastrointestinal tract, liver,(More)
No validated biomarkers exist for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We screened plasma with antibody microarrays for 120 proteins in a discovery set of 42 patients who underwent transplantation that revealed 8 potential biomarkers for diagnostic of GVHD. We then measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) the levels of these biomarkers in(More)
There are no plasma biomarkers specific for GVHD of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, the GVHD target organ most associated with nonrelapse mortality (NRM) following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Using an unbiased, large-scale, quantitative proteomic discovery approach to identify candidate biomarkers that were increased in plasma from HCT(More)
Graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) remains the major toxicity of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Mechanistic studies in experimental animal models provide a better understanding of the complex relationships and cascade of events mediated by cellular and inflammatory factors. Also, advances in basic immunology have cleared the way for a more precise view(More)
Complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain barriers to its wider application for a variety of diseases. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic HSCT. GVHD can be considered an exaggerated, undesirable manifestation of a normal inflammatory mechanism, in which(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an important therapeutic option for various malignant and nonmalignant conditions. As allogeneic HCT continues to increase, greater attention is given to improvements in supportive care, infectious prophylaxis, immunosuppressive medications, and DNA-based tissue typing. However, graft versus host(More)
The substantial complexity and vast dynamic range of protein abundance in biological fluids, notably serum and plasma, present a formidable challenge for comprehensive protein analysis. Integration of multiple technologies is required to achieve high-resolution and high-sensitivity proteomics analysis of biological fluids. We have implemented an orthogonal(More)
Graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) response after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) represents one of the most potent forms of immunotherapy against malignant diseases. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are crucial for the induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the most serious complication of allogeneic BMT, but their role in GVL responses is(More)
Results obtained in recent experiments suggest that bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) engraft into tissues and differentiate into various somatic cell types. However, it is unclear whether injury is required for the phenomenon to occur at appreciable frequencies. In this study we tested whether BMDCs engraft into kidneys and differentiate into renal cells(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Diagnosis of GvHD is mainly based on clinical features and tissue biopsies. A noninvasive, unbiased laboratory test for GvHD diagnosis does not exist. Here we describe the application of capillary(More)