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Current regulatory guidances do not address specific study designs for in vitro and in vivo drug-drug interaction studies. There is a common desire by regulatory authorities and by industry sponsors to harmonize approaches, to allow for a better assessment of the significance of findings across different studies and drugs. There is also a growing consensus(More)
Current regulatory guidances do not address specific study designs for in vitro and in vivo drug-drug interaction studies. There is a common desire by regulatory authorities and by industry sponsors to harmonize approaches to allow for a better assessment of the significance of findings across different studies and drugs. There is also a growing consensus(More)
The prevalence and medical and economic impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing in Western societies. New agents have been developed that act primarily to reduce postprandial glucose excursions, which may be of particular significance now that postprandial glucose excursions are known to be correlated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.(More)
Treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus and renal insufficiency is complicated by altered pharmacokinetics of hypoglycemic agents. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile and safety of nateglinide, an amino acid derivative that improves early phase insulin secretion and reduces mealtime glucose excursions. This open-label,(More)
A four-part, randomized, crossover study with healthy subjects evaluated the effects of gastric pH, the dosing frequency and prandial state, food consumption timing, and gastric motility on the absorption of posaconazole. In part 1, a single dose (SD) of posaconazole (400 mg) was administered alone or with an acidic beverage or a proton pump inhibitor(More)
There is an increasing interest in the simultaneous administration of several probe substrates to characterize the activity of multiple drug-metabolizing enzymes, the so-called "cocktail" approach. However, this method remains controversial and is being investigated more extensively. No general consensus has emerged on the applicability of this approach in(More)
BACKGROUND Like itraconazole and ketoconazole, posaconazole, a broad-spectrum oral triazole antifungal, inhibits the activity of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozyme 3A4. Midazolam, a short-acting benzodiazepine, is metabolized by CYP3A4. Potential drug interactions can be expected in patients who are concurrently receiving inhibitors and substrates of CYP3A4(More)
OBJECTIVE Nateglinide, a new short-acting D-phenylalanine derivative for treating type 2 diabetes, reduces mealtime blood glucose excursions by physiologic regulation of insulin secretion. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of nateglinide and metformin in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A(More)
Insulin secretion is impaired in type 2 diabetes with the early response being essentially absent. The loss of this early insulin secretion is hypothesized to be important in the deterioration of glucose tolerance. To determine whether enhancement of the early-phase insulin response can enhance glucose tolerance, we administered 1) 120 mg nateglinide, an(More)
The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of nateglinide were studied in six healthy male subjects receiving a single oral (120 mg) and intravenous (60 mg) dose of [14C]nateglinide in randomized order. Serial blood and complete urine and feces were collected for 120 h post dose. Nateglinide was rapidly (approximately 90%) absorbed, with peak blood and plasma(More)