James F. Hyde

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We have shown that prolactin (Prl) increases the transhepatic transport of taurocholate (TC) in postpartum rats and following treatment of ovariectomized (Ovx) rats with ovine Prl (oPrl). The present studies were designed to determine if treatment of Ovx rats with oPrl (100, 300, or 600 micrograms/day, 7 days iv) 1) increases Na(+)-TC cotransport in(More)
The intracellular mechanism(s) underlying the upregulation of the hepatic Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (ntcp) by prolactin (PRL) are unknown. In this report, we demonstrate a time-dependent increase in nuclear translocation of phosphorylated liver Stat5 (a member of the ignal ransducers and ctivators of ranscription family) that correlated(More)
We reported previously an increase in leptin receptor (OBR) gene expression in the anterior pituitary of human GH-releasing hormone (hGHRH) transgenic mice. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the possible mechanisms regulating OBR expression in these mice. Compared with normal sibling controls, hGHRH transgenic mice had significantly greater(More)
Estrogen is a robust stimulator of galanin synthesis and secretion in the anterior pituitary. Galanin is colocalized in lactotrophs in the estrogen-treated anterior pituitary, and its roles in lactotroph function are still being elucidated. In the present studies, we quantified the phenotypes of estrogen-treated Fischer 344 rat anterior pituitary cells(More)
Plasma PRL levels in male rats are highest during the peripubertal period. We previously reported that the posterior pituitary (PP) contains a potent PRL-releasing factor (PRF), a trypsin-insensitive small peptide which is distinct from known PRL secretagogues. The objectives were to determine the ontogeny of PRF activity in the PP as well as age-related(More)
The role of prolactin (PRL) in regulating the transport of the bile acid taurocholate (TC) was assessed using isolated rat hepatocytes. Na(+)-dependent TC cotransport was determined in hepatocytes from female nonpregnant, pregnant (19-20 days pregnant), postpartum (48 hr postpartum) and postpartum rats treated with bromocriptine to block PRL secretion. In(More)
The single-pass isolated perfused rat liver was used to assess bile secretory function in pregnancy and the post partum period and to evaluate the regulatory role of prolactin. Nonpregnant controls, post partum rats (48 hr post partum), pregnant rats (19-20 days of pregnancy) and pregnant rats treated with bromocriptine (3 mg/kg/day, s.c.) from day 20 of(More)
Transgenic mice in which overexpression of the transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-α) gene was directed by the keratin-14 promoter were used to study the regulation of cell cycle progression and proliferation in vivo in the olfactory epithelium. The level of TGF-α protein was 73% greater in the nasal-olfactory epithelium of the transgenic mice than in(More)