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We evaluated the mechanisms of gastroesophageal reflux in 10 patients with reflux esophagitis and compared the results with findings from 10 controls. The patients had more episodes of reflux (35 +/- 15 in 12 hours, as compared with 9 +/- 8 in the controls) and a lower pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (13 +/- 8 mm Hg as compared with 29 +/- 9 in(More)
BACKGROUND Temozolomide is an active agent in metastatic pancreatic endocrine carcinomas. In vitro data indicate that the combination of capecitabine and temozolomide is synergistic for induction of apoptosis in neuroendocrine tumor cell lines. The authors retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of capecitabine and temozolomide in 30 patients with metastatic(More)
Recent studies indicate that swallow-induced, primary peristalsis is a major determinant of normal esophageal acid clearance. However, factors that regulate the rate of spontaneous swallowing in normal subjects are incompletely understood. We postulated that the rate of salivary flow influences the rate of spontaneous swallows. To test this hypothesis, we(More)
The human lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is believed to be innervated by nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves, and cholinergic excitatory nerves. In idiopathic achalasia, LES relaxation is abnormal because the inhibitory nerves to the sphincter are either absent or functionally impaired. The integrity of cholinergic excitatory nerves to the(More)
We studied clearance of acid from the esophagus and esophageal emptying in normal subjects. A 15-ml bolus of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (pH 1.2) radiolabeled with [99mTc]sulfur colloid was injected into the esophagus, and the subject swallowed every 30 seconds. Concurrent manometry and radionuclide imaging showed nearly complete emptying of acid from the(More)
The study compares the efficacy of colonoscopic decompression versus decompression and tube placement in the treatment of Ogilvie's syndrome. Nine patients were treated with a single colonoscopic decompression which resulted in four recurrences. In contrast, there were no recurrences observed in 11 patients who underwent decompression and subsequent tube(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been reported to protect against the development of colorectal cancer. Because adenomas are precursors to most colorectal cancers, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship of these medications to the risk for colorectal adenomas in a colonoscopy-based case-control study. (More)
Malignancies involving the gastric cardia or distal esophagus can result in a clinical syndrome termed pseudoachalasisa that mimics idiopathic achalasia. If not promptly recognized, pseudoachalasia can result in inappropriate pneumatic dilatation of the lower esophageal sphincter segment and delay appropriate treatment of the underlying malignancy. During(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality and morbidity. Screening can potentially prevent most colorectal cancers by detection and removal of precursor adenomas. METHODS The literature and clinical practice guidelines are reviewed, with an emphasis on advances of the last 10 years and evolving screening methods. RESULTS(More)