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Thyroid hormones affect in vitro metabolic intensity, increase basal metabolic rate (BMR) in the lab, and are sometimes correlated with basal and/or resting metabolic rate (RMR) in a field environment. Given the difficulty of measuring metabolic rate in the field-and the likelihood that capture and long-term restraint necessary to measure metabolic rate in(More)
The reproductive success of wild animals usually increases with age before declining at the end of life, but the proximate mechanisms underlying those patterns remain elusive. Young animals are expected to invest less in current reproduction due to high prospects for future reproduction (the "restraint" hypothesis). The oldest animals may also show(More)
American water shrews (Sorex palustris) are aggressive predators that feed on a variety of terrestrial and aquatic prey. They often forage at night, diving into streams and ponds in search of food. We investigated how shrews locate submerged prey using high-speed videography, infrared lighting, and stimuli designed to mimic prey. Shrews attacked brief water(More)
Heart ventricles from chick embryos incubated in 60% O2 (hyperoxia) on the 16th through the 18th days of incubation were 21% heavier than those from control embryos maintained in 21% O2 (normoxia). Heart ventricles from embyros incubated in 15% O2 (hypoxia) were 8% lighter than controls. Changes in ventricular weight were accompanied by proportional changes(More)
A number of studies suggest that early events in the maturation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) are important in determining its entry into one of several alternative processing pathways, one of which leads to the toxic protein beta-amyloid (Abeta). In pulse-labeled APP expressing CHO cells two proteolytic systems can degrade newly translated APP: the(More)
Plasma membrane proteins of intact mouse 3T3 fibroblasts and H4-II-E-C3 hepatoma cells were separated into two groups based on their compartmentation between the cell surface and an intracellular compartment accessible at 20 degrees C but not at 0 degrees C. One group was derivatized at 0 degrees C with sulfosuccinimidyl(More)
Mouse embryo fibroblasts were grown in low and control O2 for 24 h (average medium oxygen tensions, 7 torr and 143 torr, respectively). Relative to controls, there was a reduction in radiolabeled subunits in immunoprecipitates of cytochrome oxidase and cytochrome b.c1 prepared from low O2 cells. Incorporation of radiolabeled amino acids into subunit I of(More)