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A nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method is presented for quantitatively mapping the physical response of a material to harmonic mechanical excitation. The resulting images allow calculation of regional mechanical properties. Measurements of shear modulus obtained with the MRI technique in gel materials correlate with independent measurements of(More)
We describe theoretical principles of an imaging modality that uses the acoustic response of an object to a highly localized dynamic radiation force of an ultrasound field. In this method, named ultrasound-stimulated vibro-acoustography (USVA), ultrasound is used to exert a low-frequency (in kHz range) force on the object. In response, a portion of the(More)
Noninvasive quantitation of the mechanical properties of tissue could improve early detection of pathology. Previously a method for detecting displacement from propagating shear waves using a phase-contrast MRI technique was developed. In this work it is demonstrated how a collection of data representing the full vector displacement field could be used to(More)
An important part of thermal ablation therapy is the assessment of the spatial extent of tissue coagulation. In this work, the mechanical properties of thermally-ablated tissue were quantitatively evaluated using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). This study shows that the mechanical properties of focused ultrasound ablated tissue are significantly(More)
A good statistical model of speckle formation is useful for designing a good adaptive filter for speckle reduction In ultrasound B-scan images. Previously, statistical models have been used, but they failed to account for the log compression of the echo envelope employed by clinical ultrasound systems. Log-compression helps in reducing the dynamic range of(More)
The SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of the echo envelope image is a monotonically-increasing function of scatterer number density. Various SNRs, like amplitude SNR and intensity SNR, can be used to quantify the scatterer density. The problem of using a SNR based on higher order moments like the intensity SNR is that they require large sample sizes to obtain(More)
Two nonlinear models of weight adjustments of self-organizing maps are derived to obtain desirable densities of output units, one that approaches the probability distribution p(xi) of the inputs and one that approaches a uniform distribution. If a convex model is used to adjust weights, the density of output units can be made to approach p(xi) instead of(More)
AIMS Ultrasound (US)-enhanced gene transfer for cardiovascular disease is an emerging technique with translational relevance. Prior to pre-clinical applications, optimization of gene transfer using various US contrast agents and parameters is required. In order to do so, two clinically relevant contrast agents (Optison and PESDA), and two US modalities(More)
Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a phase-contrast-based MRI imaging technique that can directly visualize and quantitatively measure propagating acoustic strain waves in tissue-like materials subjected to harmonic mechanical excitation. The data acquired allows the calculation of local quantitative values of shear modulus and the generation of(More)