James F. Greenleaf

Learn More
A nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method is presented for quantitatively mapping the physical response of a material to harmonic mechanical excitation. The resulting images allow calculation of regional mechanical properties. Measurements of shear modulus obtained with the MRI technique in gel materials correlate with independent measurements of(More)
BACKGROUND Culturing of samples of periprosthetic tissue is the standard method used for the microbiologic diagnosis of prosthetic-joint infection, but this method is neither sensitive nor specific. In prosthetic-joint infection, microorganisms are typically present in a biofilm on the surface of the prosthesis. We hypothesized that culturing of samples(More)
Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a phase-contrast-based MRI imaging technique that can directly visualize and quantitatively measure propagating acoustic strain waves in tissue-like materials subjected to harmonic mechanical excitation. The data acquired allows the calculation of local quantitative values of shear modulus and the generation of(More)
The authors report families of generalized nondiffracting solutions of the free-space scalar wave equation, and specifically, a subset of these nondiffracting solutions, which are called X waves. These nondiffracting X waves can be almost exactly realized over a finite depth of field with finite apertures and by either broadband or bandlimited radiators.(More)
We describe theoretical principles of an imaging modality that uses the acoustic response of an object to a highly localized dynamic radiation force of an ultrasound field. In this method, named ultrasound-stimulated vibro-acoustography (USVA), ultrasound is used to exert a low-frequency (in kHz range) force on the object. In response, a portion of the(More)
Characterization of tissue elasticity (stiffness) and viscosity has important medical applications because these properties are closely related to pathological changes. Quantitative measurement is more suitable than qualitative measurement (i.e., mapping with a relative scale) of tissue viscoelasticity for diagnosis of diffuse diseases where abnormality is(More)
For millennia, physicians have used palpation as a part of the physical examination to detect pathology. The ubiquitous presence of "stiffer" tissue associated with pathology often represents an early warning sign for disease, as in the cases of breast or prostate cancer. Very often tumors are found at surgery that were occult even with modern imaging(More)
The effects of ultrasound stimulation on various parameters of bone repair after diaphyseal injury were assessed in a standard rat femur fracture model. Bilateral closed femoral fractures were made in 79 skeletally mature male Long-Evans rats. An ultrasound signal consisting of a 200 microsecond burst sine wave of 0.5 MHz repeating at 1 kHz, with an(More)
An important part of thermal ablation therapy is the assessment of the spatial extent of tissue coagulation. In this work, the mechanical properties of thermally-ablated tissue were quantitatively evaluated using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). This study shows that the mechanical properties of focused ultrasound ablated tissue are significantly(More)