James F Crossan

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Although statins are widely prescribed as cholesterol-lowering drugs, a number of studies suggest that these compounds may have anabolic effects on bone. Our aim was to assess whether simvastatin affects the rate of fracture healing in humans. A prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was performed. Individuals who had sustained an(More)
This study examined the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in macrophage infiltrates within crush-injured digital flexor tendon and synovium of control rats and rats treated with N(G)-nitro-1-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (5 mg/kg). Release of TGF-beta from organ cultures of tendon, muscle,(More)
A radiographic survey of 25 patients with bilateral Perthes disease is compared with four inherited skeletal dysplasias also affecting the hip joints (45 patients with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, 22 with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, 18 with pseudoachondroplasia, and 17 with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita). The distinguishing features in(More)
AIM To analyse patterns of gene expression for peptide regulatory factors in patients with Dupuytren's contracture. METHODS Tissue samples (palmer fascia) from 12 patients with Dupuytren's contracture and 12 controls were studied using the reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RT/PCR) technique. RESULTS Tissue from patients with Dupuytren's(More)
The cause of Dupuytren's disease is unknown, but inflammatory cells might have a role. Enzymatic digestion of diseased tissue permits identification and immunofluorescent labelling of a cell subset displaying inflammatory cell morphology. Cytofluorimetry of this cell population demonstrated the presence of CD3-positive lymphocytes and expression of major(More)
The accumulation of inflammatory cells in synovial tissue was studied using indirect immunofluorescence assays on cell cultures and frozen tissue sections of healing rat digital flexor tendons. Flexor tendons were collected from rats 3, 7 and 14 days after crush injury. Tendon sheath and epithenon cells were isolated by sequential enzymic digestion and(More)
This study compared the rates of proliferation and apoptosis of cells within nodules of Dupuytren's disease and nodules from patients that had been injected preoperatively with steroid (Depo-Medrone). It also compared the effects of steroids in apoptosis in cultured Dupuytren's cells and control fibroblasts from palmar fascia and fascia lata. Steroids(More)
Following tendon injury, severe loss of function often occurs either as a result of obliteration of the synovial canal with fibrous scar tissue or from rupture of the repaired tendon. The role of cell engineering in tendon repair is to promote strong and rapid healing of tendon whilst at the same time facilitating rapid reconstitution of the synovial canal.(More)
Dupuytren's disease is a chronic inflammatory process which produces contractures of the fingers. The nodules present in Dupuytren's tissue contain inflammatory cells, mainly lymphocytes and macrophages. These express a common integrin known as VLA4. The corresponding binding ligands to VLA4 are vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) present on the(More)