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Glucocorticoids directly regulate testosterone production in Leydig cells through a glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-mediated repression of the genes that encode testosterone biosynthetic enzymes. The extent of this action is determined by the numbers of GR within the Leydig cell, the intracellular concentration of glucocorticoid, and 11beta-hydroxysteroid(More)
OBJECTIVE Thymic function declines exponentially with age. Impaired thymic function has been associated with autoimmune disease in adults but has never been formally assessed in childhood autoimmunity. Therefore, thymic function in children with the autoimmune disease juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) was determined. METHODS Thymic function was measured(More)
CNNT. There was a good correlation between bioactivity and binding affinity to AR for the 7alpha-substituted androgens compared to T. In contrast, relative to their binding affinity to AR, the androgenic potency of DHT and 19-NT was lower compared to T. The reason for the lower in vivo androgenic activity of 19-NT is attributable to its enzymatic conversion(More)
Sexual dimorphism in selected extragenital tissues is described with emphasis on the molecular basis of the differences. Testosterone rather than 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone appears to be the major intracellular androgen in organs other than skin and reproductive tract, but other steroid metabolites and their receptors are required to produce the diverse(More)
Transgenic mice were generated containing a 1542-base pair fragment of the kidney androgen-regulated protein (KAP) promoter fused to the human angiotensinogen (HAGT) gene with the goal of specifically targeting inducible expression of renin-angiotensin system components to the kidney. High level expression of both KAP-HAGT and endogenous KAP mRNA was(More)
Testin I and testin II are the two molecular variants of testin that are synthesized and secreted by Sertoli cells in vitro. N-Terminal and partial internal amino acid sequence analysis of testin I and testin II reveals that these molecules are identical with the exception that testin II has three extra N-terminal amino acids of TAP compared to testin I.(More)
A short partial sequence homology is present at all intron-exon junctions, or splice points, in the chick ovalbumin gene; it is probably a signal for a splicing enzyme. The significance of the junction sequences for splicing is discussed. We find no evidence of strong Watson-Crick base pairing between adjacent junctions.
A 15-kilobase pair EcoRI chick DNA fragment, containing both the termination codon UGA and the 5'-portion of the structural ovomucoid gene, has been cloned in lambda phage Charon 4A by in vitro packaging. Restriction mapping and electron microscopic analyses of this cloned DNA have revealed that the structural ovomucoid gene sequences are separated by at(More)
The expression of kidney androgen-regulated protein (KAP) gene in mouse kidney is regulated in a multihormonal fashion. As determined by in situ hybridization analysis, epithelial cells of proximal convoluted tubules of cortical nephrons express KAP mRNA in response to androgenic stimulation while similar cells in the juxtamedullary S3 segment of the(More)
Ovomucoid messenger RNA (mRNAom) comprises approximately 8% of the total mRNA in the estrogen-stimulated oviduct. The recombinant plasmid pOM100 contained DNA complementary to the 3' end of mRNAom. DNA complementary to the 5' end of mRNAom was obtained from a partially purified preparation of mRNAom by polymerization by reverse transcriptase in the presence(More)