James Eastham

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Annotation of prostate cancer genomes provides a foundation for discoveries that can impact disease understanding and treatment. Concordant assessment of DNA copy number, mRNA expression, and focused exon resequencing in 218 prostate cancer tumors identified the nuclear receptor coactivator NCOA2 as an oncogene in approximately 11% of tumors. Additionally,(More)
PURPOSE A multicenter double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial was performed to assess the effect of zoledronic acid, a potent new bisphosphonate, on bone mineral density during androgen deprivation therapy for nonmetastatic prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Men with M0 (no distant metastases) prostate cancer beginning androgen(More)
BACKGROUND Although the initial robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) series showed 12-mo potency rates ranging from 70% to 80%, the few available comparative studies did not permit any definitive conclusion about the superiority of this technique when compared with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP).(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic significance of positive surgical margins (PSM) in radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens remains unclear. While most studies have concluded that a PSM is an independent adverse prognostic factor, others report that surgical margin status has no effect on prognosis. One reason for these discordant conclusions is the variable number of(More)
BACKGROUND Despite revisions in 2005 and 2014, the Gleason prostate cancer (PCa) grading system still has major deficiencies. Combining of Gleason scores into a three-tiered grouping (6, 7, 8-10) is used most frequently for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. The lowest score, assigned 6, may be misunderstood as a cancer in the middle of the grading scale,(More)
CONTEXT Detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the prostate and adjacent tissues is mandatory during radical prostatectomy to ensure reliable oncologic and functional outcomes. OBJECTIVE To review critically and to summarize the available literature on surgical anatomy of the prostate and adjacent structures involved in cancer control, erectile function,(More)
BACKGROUND Few published studies have combined clinical prognostic factors into risk profiles that can be used to predict the likelihood of recurrence or metastatic progression in patients following treatment of prostate cancer. We developed a nomogram that allows prediction of disease recurrence through use of preoperative clinical factors for patients(More)
PURPOSE The long-term risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after radical prostatectomy is poorly defined for patients treated in the era of widespread prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening. Models that predict the risk of PCSM are needed for patient counseling and clinical trial design. METHODS A multi-institutional cohort of 12,677(More)
PURPOSE We developed a preoperative nomogram for prediction of lymph node metastases in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was a retrospective, nonrandomized analysis of 7,014 patients treated with radical prostatectomy at 6 institutions between 1985 and 2000. Exclusion criteria consisted of preoperative(More)