James E. Whinnery

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+Gz-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) results in incapacitation which can be characterized by the unconscious period (absolute incapacitation) and a subsequent period of confusion/disorientation (relative incapacitation). The sum of the absolute and relative incapacitation periods represents the total incapacitation period and may be equated to the(More)
INTRODUCTION Autopsied biosamples from civil aviation accident pilot fatalities are submitted to the Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI) for toxicological evaluation. However, such evaluation is dependent on types and amounts of submitted samples, and obtaining suitable samples is governed by the nature of the accident. Characteristics of those samples(More)
Eight healthy male volunteer members of the USAFSAM acceleration panel were exposed to two consecutive acceleration runs of +1 Gz to +7 Gz at 6 G.s-1 onset rates. The subjects were instructed to relax during the acceleration exposure in order to voluntarily induce loss of consciousness (LOC). The subjects were asked to relate dreams, thoughts, or other(More)
Our laboratory was interested in epidemiological and toxicological findings from aircraft-assisted pilot suicides. Between 1993-2002 there were 3,648 fatal aviation accidents. The NTSB determined that 16 were aircraft-assisted suicides; 15 from intentional crashing of an aircraft and 1 from exiting the aircraft while in-flight. All pilots involved in these(More)
The FAA Office of Aerospace Medicine sets medical standards needed to protect the public and pilots from death or injury due to incapacitation of the pilot. As a part of this process, toxicology testing is performed by the FAA on almost every pilot who is fatally injured in an aviation accident to determine the medical condition of the pilot, medications(More)
Whole blood from living subjects is a convenient matrix to use as a source of RNA for microarray experiments with human subjects especially when subject material is collected at a location other than the collaborating site conducting the microarray work. Collection methods for whole blood that include stabilization of the RNA are known but suffer from(More)
Introduction: Pilots are required by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations to report all medications and medical conditions to the FAA Office of Aerospace Medicine for review and consideration as to the overall suitability of the pilot for flight activities. Methods: Following a fatal aviation accident, specimens from deceased pilots are(More)
Prevalence of drug and ethanol use in aviation is monitored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Under such monitoring, epidemiological studies for the 19891993 and 19941998 periods indicated lower percentages of the presence of illegal (abused) drugs than that of prescription and nonprescription drugs in aviation accident pilot fatalities. In(More)
Aircraft-assisted suicides are tragic, intentional events that are hard to predict and difficult to prevent. Factors involved in aircraft-assisted suicides may be depression, social relationships, and financial difficulties, just to name a few problems. Suicide attempts using an aircraft almost always result in pilot fatality; they also have the unfortunate(More)