James E. Sligh

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A sudden increase in permeability of the inner mitochondrial membrane, the so-called mitochondrial permeability transition, is a common feature of apoptosis and is mediated by the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mtPTP). It is thought that the mtPTP is a protein complex formed by the voltage-dependent anion channel, members of the pro- and(More)
Melanoma is the cancer with the highest increase in incidence, and transformation of radial growth to vertical growth (i.e., noninvasive to invasive) melanoma is required for invasive disease and metastasis. We have previously shown that p42/p44 MAP kinase is activated in radial growth melanoma, suggesting that further signaling events are required for(More)
A laboratory-derived mutant of Candida albicans B311 (L) and a clinical isolate (C) of C. albicans, both lacking membrane ergosterol, were less susceptible to amphotericin B (AmB)-induced cell membrane permeability to K+ and lethality than was the wild-type laboratory strain (B311) which contained ergosterol. The resistance of L and C to AmB-induced killing(More)
We report a method for introducing mtDNA mutations into the mouse female germ line by means of embryonic stem (ES) cell cybrids. Mitochondria were recovered from the brain of a NZB mouse by fusion of synaptosomes to a mtDNA-deficient (rho degrees ) cell line. These cybrids were enucleated and the cytoplasts were electrofused to rhodamine-6G (R-6G)-treated(More)
The potential role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions in nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and in cutaneous photoaging was explored using a genetic approach. Tumors and photodamaged tumor-free "margin" skin were obtained from NMSC patients undergoing excision and the mtDNA from these specimens was screened for the presence of deletions using long extension(More)
This study examined the effectiveness of antisense oligonucleotides targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) to inhibit endotoxin-induced upregulation of ICAM-1 and neutrophil emigration and compared the apparent role of ICAM-1 when examined using antisense oligonucleotides, anti-ICAM-1 antibodies, and ICAM-1 mutant mice. Antisense(More)
Gene targeting was used to produce mice deficient in intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) or CD54, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule that binds beta 2 integrins. Homozygous deficient animals develop normally, are fertile, and have a moderate granulocytosis. The nature of the mutation, RNA analysis, and immunostaining are consistent with(More)
We previously reported the presence of a mtDNA mutation hotspot in UV-induced premalignant and malignant skin tumors in hairless mice. We have modeled this change (9821insA) in murine cybrid cells and demonstrated that this alteration in mtDNA associated with mtBALB haplotype can alter the biochemical characteristics of cybrids and subsequently can(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a polyphenol compound, is derived from natural products such as the skin of red grapes, blueberries and cranberries. Resveratrol not only exhibits antioxidant, cardioprotection, and anti-aging properties, but can also inhibit cancer cell growth and induce apoptosis. It has been shown that resveratrol inhibits(More)
The CyP40 protein encoded by PPID gene is a member of the peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) family. PPIases catalyze the cis-trans isomerization of proline imidic peptide bonds in oligopeptides and accelerate the folding of proteins. The CyP40 protein has been shown to possess PPIase activity and, similar to other family members, can bind to the(More)