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While polyphenolic compounds have many health benefits, the potential development of polyphenols for the prevention/treatment of neurological disorders is largely hindered by their complexity as well as by limited knowledge regarding their bioavailability, metabolism, and bioactivity, especially in the brain. We recently demonstrated that dietary(More)
Morphological, chemical and genetic differences of 12 tree basil (Ocimum gratissimum L.) accessions were studied to determine whether volatile oils and flavonoids can be used as taxonomical markers and to examine the relationship between RAPDs to these chemical markers. Eugenol, thymol, and geraniol were the major volatile oil constituents found in Ocimum(More)
BACKGROUND Mushrooms are well recognized for their culinary properties as well as for their potency to enhance immune response. In the present study, we evaluated anti-inflammatory properties of an edible oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in vitro and in vivo. METHODS RAW264.7 murine macrophage cell line and murine splenocytes were incubated with the(More)
Basil, one of the most popular culinary herbs in North America is sold as a fresh-cut and dried processed product. There are over 40 cultivars available (De Baggio and Belsinger 1996), with many developed specifically for the fresh and/or ornamental markets. The popular cultivars for the fresh market and garden have dark green leaves and white flowers, with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether magnetization transfer (MT) can improve image contrast on gradient-recalled echo (GRE) magnetic resonance (MR) images of the cervical spine. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal and axial two-dimensional conventional GRE and MT GRE images were obtained in 103 patients with degenerative disk disease or intrinsic cord lesions. The(More)
Neuropathological evidence indicates that dopaminergic cell death in Parkinson׳s disease (PD) involves impairment of mitochondrial complex I, oxidative stress, microglial activation, and the formation of Lewy bodies. Epidemiological findings suggest that the consumption of berries rich in anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins may reduce PD risk. In this study,(More)
Variation in volatile compounds from tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.) related to genetic and morphological differences of genotypes Abstract Air-dried flower heads of 20 Finnish tansy genotypes were extracted with petroleum ether and analyzed using GC–MS. A total of 55 volatile compounds were detected, and 53 were identified. Of the tansy genotypes studied, 15(More)
UNLABELLED PREMISE OF THE STUDY Demand for fresh-market sweet basil continues to increase, but in 2009 a new pathogen emerged, threatening commercial field/greenhouse production and leading to high crop losses. This study describes a simple and effective staining method for rapid microscopic detection of basil downy mildew (Peronospora belbahrii) from(More)
Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge several individuals who provided useful comments and guidance in the course of this study. At the New Jersey Department of Agriculture, we recognize the valuable input of University also provided valuable suggestions in the process of preparing the surveys. made significant contributions in translating survey(More)
  • Ali O Sari, Mario R Morales, James E Simon, Larry W Ness, Kyle W Arvin
  • 2001
The genus Echinacea (Asteraceae) is native to North America and consists of nine species (McGregor 1968). E. angustifolia DC, a narrow leafed species, is distributed on barrens and dry prairies from Minnesota grows lower and exhibits a smaller leaf area and biomass than E. pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. and E. purpurea (L.) Moench. Echinacea angustifolia grows up to(More)