Learn More
BACKGROUND Profound edema or formation of a pseudocyst containing plasma proteins is a prominent characteristic of nasal polyps (NP). However, the mechanisms underlying NP retention of plasma proteins in the submucosa remain unclear. Recently, we reported that impairment of fibrinolysis causes excessive fibrin deposition in NP and this might be involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased epithelial expression of mRNA for S100A7 (psoriasin) and S100A8/A9 (calprotectin) has been reported in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). OBJECTIVES We sought to assess whether the expression of S100 proteins is also altered in the sinonasal cavity of patients with CRS. METHODS We determined levels of S100 proteins in nasal(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous chronic disease characterized by local inflammation of the sinonasal tissues. The pathogenesis of CRS remains controversial, but it has been associated with the accumulation of various immune and inflammatory cells in sinus tissue. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to investigate the(More)
AIM To determine if human graft versus host disease (GvHD) is associated with any detectable change in cytokine gene expression in the skin and lymphoid organs. METHODS Reverse transcriptase and the polymerase chain reaction were used to amplify mRNA for interleukins-1 (IL-1), -2 (IL-2), -4 (IL-4) and -6 (IL-6), IL-2 receptor (IL-2R), tumour necrosis(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps is an inflammatory condition of the nasal passage and paranasal sinuses characterized by T(H)2-biased inflammation with increased levels of B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), B lymphocytes, and immunoglobulins. Because high levels of BAFF are associated with autoimmune diseases, we(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a disease characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses. This inflammation may result in part from decreased epithelial barrier and innate immune responses, leading to frequent bacterial and fungal colonization. The objectives of this study were to investigate the expression of innate(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is associated with T(H)2-dominant inflammation, including eosinophilia, which is in contrast to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) without nasal polyps (NPs). CC chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18)/pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine is known to recruit naive T cells, B cells, and immature dendritic(More)
BACKGROUND Although chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is characterized by T(H)2 inflammation, the role of mast cells is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the presence, localization, and phenotype of mast cells in patients with CRS. METHODS We collected nasal tissue and nasal lavage fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is associated with TH2-dominant inflammation. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine that triggers dendritic cell-mediated TH2 inflammatory responses and that enhances IL-1-dependent TH2 cytokine production in mast cells. Although increased TSLP mRNA levels have been found in nasal(More)
RATIONALE Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are common clinical syndromes resulting largely from the accumulation of and inability to clear pulmonary edema, due to injury to the alveolar epithelium. Gene therapy may represent an important alternative for the treatment and prevention of these diseases by restoring alveolar epithelial(More)