James E. Mitchell

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BACKGROUND Trichotillomania, a disorder of hair pulling, has been considered a rare condition. Estimations of the prevalence of this disorder have been based largely on clinical experience, and there have been no estimates of its prevalence based on data collected from a large, nonclinical population. METHOD 2579 freshman college students at two state(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the factor structure and the internal consistency of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q). METHOD The EDE-Q was administered to 203 women with bulimic symptoms, who were recruited from five Midwestern communities. RESULTS Acceptable levels of internal consistency were observed(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was constructed to detail the demographic and phenomenological features of chronic hair pullers as well as to assess psychiatric comorbidity in a sizable study group. METHOD Subjects were drawn from an outpatient population of chronic hair pullers who had been referred to a trichotillomania clinic or had responded to a newspaper(More)
OBJECTIVE To propose criteria for diagnosis of the night eating syndrome (NES). METHOD An international research meeting was held in April 2008, and consensus criteria for NES diagnosis were determined. RESULTS The core criterion is an abnormally increased food intake in the evening and nighttime, manifested by (1) consumption of at least 25% of intake(More)
The literature examining the relation between perfectionism and eating disorders was reviewed and content and methodological comparisons were made with the perfectionism literature in anxiety disorders and depressive disorders. A PsychInfo search using the key words "perfectionism/perfect/perfectionistic," "anorexia," "bulimia," and "eating disorders" was(More)
The prevalence of smoking among psychiatric outpatients (N = 277) was significantly higher than among either local or national population-based samples (N = 1,440 and 17,000) (52% versus 30% and 33%). The higher prevalence was not associated with the age, sex, marital status, socioeconomic status, alcohol use, coffee use, or institutionalization of the(More)
CONTEXT Anecdotal reports suggest bariatric surgery may increase the risk of alcohol use disorder (AUD), but prospective data are lacking. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of preoperative and postoperative AUD, and independent predictors of postoperative AUD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective cohort study (Longitudinal Assessment of(More)
OBJECTIVE Excessive exercise and motor restlessness are observed in a substantial number of patients with eating disorders. This trait has been studied extensively among animal models of activity anorexia nervosa (AN) and may hold particular interest as an endophenotype for AN. We explored features associated with excessive exercise across subtypes of(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS The comparative validity of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) (22 items) and SCOFF (five items) in screening for cases of the more commonly occurring eating disorders was examined in a primary care sample of young adult women (n=257). Diagnoses were confirmed in a sub-group of interviewed participants (n=147). (More)
OBJECTIVE Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been used increasingly as an outcome measure in clinical research. Although the generic quality of life instruments has been used in previous research, disease-specific instruments offer greater sensitivity and responsiveness to change than generic instruments. No such disease-specific instrument is(More)