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This study provides a first broad systematic treatment of the euagarics as they have recently emerged in phylogenetic systematics. The sample consists of 877 homobasidiomycete taxa and includes approximately one tenth (ca. 700 species) of the known number of species of gilled mushrooms that were traditionally classified in the order Agaricales. About 1000(More)
Target-derived neurotrophin growth factors have significant effects on the development and maintenance of the mammalian somatosensory system. Studies of transgenic mice that overexpress neurotrophins NGF and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) at high levels in skin have shown increased sensory neuron number and enhanced innervation of specific sensory ending types. The(More)
The expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA and the secretion of BDNF protein are tightly regulated by neuronal activity. Thus, BDNF has been proposed as a mediator of activity-dependent neural plasticity. Previous studies showed that dark rearing (DR) reduces BDNF mRNA levels in the primary visual cortex (V1), but the effects of visual(More)
The Aerosols99 cruise crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Norfolk, Virginia to Cape Town, South Africa between January 14 and February 8, 1999. The goals of the cruise were to determine the chemical, physical, and optical properties of the marine boundary layer (MBL) aerosol, the vertical distribution of aerosols and ozone, the column integrated aerosol optical(More)
[1] In this paper, aerosol composition and size distributions in east Asia are simulated using a comprehensive chemical transport model. Three-dimensional aerosol simulations for the TRACE-P and ACE-Asia periods are performed and used to help interpret actual observations. The regional chemical transport model, STEM-2K3, which includes the on-line(More)
The role of neurotrophins as survival factors for developing CNS neurons, including retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), is uncertain. Null mutations for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or neurotrophin 4 (NT4), individually or together, are without apparent effect on the number of RGCs that survive beyond the period of normal, developmental RGC death.(More)
Structures of riboswitch receptor domains bound to their effector have shown how messenger RNAs recognize diverse small molecules, but mechanistic details linking the structures to the regulation of gene expression remain elusive. To address this, here we solve crystal structures of two different classes of cobalamin (vitamin B(12))-binding riboswitches(More)
We describe a use of formal methods to specify and check a Web Services protocol. The Web Services Atomic Transaction protocol was specified in TLA + and checked with the TLC model checker. A modest effort revealed oversights that caused unanticipated behaviors of the protocol; these were corrected by clarifications and changes to the protocol.
MOTIVATION Protein sequence and family data is accumulating at such a rapid rate that state-of-the-art databases and interface tools are required to aid curators with their classifications. We have designed such a system, MetaFam, to facilitate the comparison and integration of public protein sequence and family data. This paper presents the global schema,(More)
outside the traditional Distributed transaction transaction processing management support is an monitor environment. enhancement to the VMS Introduction operating system. This Businesses are becoming support provides services critically dependent in the VMS operating system on the availability and for atomic transactions integrity of data stored that may(More)