James E. Ivey

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The transport of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) between shallow banks and deep basins in the Bahamas was the focus of this study. Hydrographic and CDOM absorption measurements made on the Bahamas Banks and in Exuma Sound during the spring of 1999 and 2000 showed that values of salinity and CDOM absorption at 440 nm were higher on the banks (37.18(More)
Aircraft images were collected near Lee Stocking Island (LSI), Bahamas, with wavelike features for bright sand bottoms during times when solar zenith angles were large. The image contrast between leading and trailing wave facets approached a 10–15% difference because of algae accumulations in wave troughs or topographic variations of the bottom. Reflectance(More)
An artificial neural network (ANN)-based technology e a ‘Grey-Box’, originating the iterative selection, depiction, and quantitation of environmental relationships for modeling microalgal abundance, as chlorophyll (CHL) a, was developed and evaluated. Due to their robust capability for reproducing the complexities underlying chaotic, non-linear systems,(More)
The upwelling radiance distribution in optically shallow water is investigated with experiments and Hydrolight numerical simulations for two different benthic surfaces and a range of solar zenith angles (,608). Over a bright sand surface (water depth 5 m) the upwelling radiance distribution was brightest at nadir and decreased toward the horizon. The(More)
A spectral model of scalar irradiance with depth is applied to calculations of photosynthetically available radiation for a vertically homogeneous water column. The model runs more than 14,000 times faster than the full Hydrolight code, while it limits the percentage error to 2.20% and the maximum error to less than 4.78%. The distribution of incident sky(More)
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