James E. Hilton

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The mechanical response of granular beds under applied stresses is often characterized by repeated cycles of stick-slip. Using the discrete element method, we examine stick-slip from a concentrated force loading-imposed by a single grain that is drawn through a densely packed, periodic granular bed via a stiff virtual spring. Force chains continually form(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Traditional vascular risk factors do not completely explain the asymmetry, racial, and sex differences in carotid artery disease. Carotid anatomy and geometry may play a role in the pathogenesis of internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis, but their effects are unknown. We hypothesized that carotid artery anatomy and geometry would be(More)
BACKGROUND Current literature emphasizes the role of the Circle of Willis (CoW) in salvaging ischemic brain tissue but not that of leptomeningeal anastomoses (LA). We developed a computational model of the cerebral circulation to (1) evaluate the roles of the CoW and LA in restoring flow to the superficial compartment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA)(More)
BACKGROUND There is recent interest in the role of carotid bifurcation anatomy, geometry and hemodynamic factors in the pathogenesis of carotid artery atherosclerosis. Certain anatomical and geometric configurations at the carotid bifurcation have been linked to disturbed flow. It has been proposed that vascular dimensions are selected to minimize energy(More)
Granular material freely discharging from a hopper under gravity is one of the oldest and most widely studied problems in granular flow. Despite the apparent simplicity of the system, expressions relating the discharge rate of the hopper to the properties of the individual grains are difficult to determine and typically empirical in nature. A mathematical(More)
The concept of "random loose packing" (RLP) has evolved through extensive study of loose packings of spheres, which has resulted in an accepted definition as the loosest packing that can be obtained by pouring grains. We extend this consideration to packings of nonspherical grains (ellipsoids) formed by slow settling in a viscous liquid, and perform a(More)
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