Learn More
Parathyroid cells express a cell surface receptor, coupled to the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+, that is activated by increases in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+ and by a variety of other cations. This "Ca2+ receptor" (CaR) serves as the primary physiological regulator of parathyroid hormone secretion. Alterations in the CaR have been proposed(More)
Calcitonin (CT) secretion by parafollicular cells of the thyroid (C cells) is regulated by small changes in the concentration of extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]e). Elevation of [Ca2+]e elicits a rise in the C cell cytoplasmic calcium concentration and stimulates CT release. The molecular entity through which C cells detect changes in [Ca2+]e and modulate(More)
Most of the >50,000 different pharmacologically active peptides in Conus venoms belong to a small number of gene superfamilies. In this work, the M-conotoxin superfamily is defined using both biochemical and molecular criteria. Novel excitatory peptides purified from the venoms of the molluscivorous species Conus textile and Conus marmoreus all have a(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) both mediate direct cholinergic synaptic transmission and modulate synaptic transmission by other neurotransmitters. Novel ligands are needed as probes to discriminate among structurally related nAChR subtypes. Alpha-conotoxin MII, a selective ligand that discriminates among a variety of nAChR subtypes,(More)
Until now, there have been no antagonists to discriminate between heteromeric nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) containing the very closely related alpha6 and alpha3 subunits. nAChRs containing alpha3, alpha4, or alpha6 subunits in combination with beta2, occasionally beta4, and sometimes beta3 or alpha5 subunits, are thought to play important(More)
mu-Conotoxins are peptides that block sodium channels. Molecular cloning was used to identify four novel mu-conotoxins: CnIIIA, CnIIIB, CIIIA, and MIIIA from Conus consors, C. catus and C. magus. A comparison of their sequences with those of previously characterized mu-conotoxins suggested that the new mu-conotoxins were likely to target(More)
Cone snails are tropical marine mollusks that envenomate prey with a complex mixture of neuropharmacologically active compounds. We report the discovery and biochemical characterization of a structurally unique peptide isolated from the venom of Conus marmoreus. The new peptide, mr10a, potently increased withdrawal latency in a hot plate assay (a test of(More)
The Ca2+ receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor that enables parathyroid cells and certain other cells in the body to respond to changes in the level of extracellular Ca2+. The Ca2+ receptor is a member of a family of G protein-coupled receptors that includes metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptors, and putative(More)
The predominant variety of familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FBHH) is FBHH(3q), which is associated with presumed inactivating mutations of the cell surface calcium receptor (CaR) gene on chromosome 3q13.3-q21. We sought mutations of the CaR gene in FBHH by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified genomic DNA from 14 affected families: 8 mapped to(More)
Members of two related families of transposable elements, Tx1 and Tx2, were isolated from the genome of Xenopus laevis and characterized. In both families, two versions of the elements were found. The smaller version in each family (Tx1d and Tx2d) consisted largely of two types of 400-base-pair tandem internal repeats. These elements had discrete ends and(More)