James E Foley

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BACKGROUND The relative roles of obesity, insulin resistance, insulin secretory dysfunction, and excess hepatic glucose production in the development of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) are controversial. We conducted a prospective study to determine which of these factors predicted the development of the disease in a group of Pima Indians.(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Cross-sectional studies indicate that enlarged subcutaneous abdominal adipocyte size is associated with hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. To further explore the pathophysiological significance of these associations, we examined prospectively whether enlarged subcutaneous abdominal adipocyte size predicts Type II(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Vildagliptin is a selective dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor that augments meal-stimulated levels of biologically active glucagon-like peptide-1. Chronic vildagliptin treatment decreases postprandial glucose levels and reduces hemoglobin A1c in type 2 diabetic patients. However, little is known about the mechanism(s) by which vildagliptin(More)
AIM To show that vildagliptin added to metformin is non-inferior to glimepiride in reducing HbA1c levels from baseline over 2 years. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, active-comparator study of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled (HbA1c 6.5-8.5%) by metformin monotherapy. Patients received vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily) or(More)
AIMS To evaluate the ability of vildagliptin and metformin to sustain reductions in HbA(1c) over a 1-year treatment period in drug-naïve patients with Type 2 diabetes (Type 2 DM). METHODS Double-blind, randomized, multicentre, active-controlled, parallel-group study of 52-week treatment with vildagliptin (100 mg daily, n = 526) or metformin (titrated to(More)
This 24-week double-blind, randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was performed in 632 drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes to assess efficacy and tolerability of vildagliptin (50 mg qd, 50 mg bid, or 100 mg qd). HbA1c decreased modestly in patients receiving placebo (Delta=-0.3+/-0.1%) and to a significantly greater extent in(More)
Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) by vildagliptin prevents degradation of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and reduces glycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, with low risk for hypoglycaemia and no weight gain. Vildagliptin binds covalently to the catalytic site of DPP-4, eliciting prolonged enzyme inhibition. This raises intact GLP-1(More)
AIM To compare the efficacy and tolerability of vildagliptin vs. placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are inadequately controlled [haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) 7.5 to 11%] with prior sulphonylurea (SU) monotherapy. METHODS This 24-week, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the effects of the(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, vildagliptin, increases levels of intact glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Although GLP-1 is known to stimulate insulin secretion, vildagliptin does not affect plasma insulin levels in diabetic patients, suggesting that more sophisticated(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-4) inhibition on meal-related beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity over 52 weeks in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a 12-week core study, placebo (n = 51) or vildagliptin (n = 56; 50 mg OD) was added to metformin treatment (1.5-3.0 mg/day). A 40-week extension followed(More)