James E. Estes

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Actin is known to undergo reversible monomer-polymer transitions that coincide with various cell activities such as cell shape changes, locomotion, endocytosis and exocytosis. This dynamic state of actin filament self-assembly and disassembly is thought to be regulated by the properties of the monomeric actin molecule andin vivo by the influence of(More)
The interaction of profilin and non-muscle beta,gamma-actin prepared from bovine spleen has been investigated under physiologic ionic conditions. Profilin binding to actin decreases the affinity of actin for MgADP and MgATP by about 65- and 13-fold, respectively. Kinetic measurements indicate that profilin binding to actin weakens the affinity of actin for(More)
Using the fluorescent Ca2+ selective chelator Quin2 to induce and measure the dissociation of Ca2+ from actin, we have recently found that actin binds Ca2+ and Mg2+ much more tightly than previously thought (Gershman, L.C., Selden, L.A., and Estes, J.E. (1986) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 135, 607-614). In this report, we show that the kinetics of(More)
Under conditions where muscle actin only partially polymerizes, or where it does not polymerize at all, a significant enhancement of polymerization was observed if equimolar phalloidin was also present. The increased extent of polymerization in the the presence of phalloidin can be explained by the reduced critical actin concentration of partially(More)
Regulation of the F-actin severing activity of gelsolin by Ca2+ has been investigated under physiologic ionic conditions. Tryptophan fluorescence intensity measurements indicate that gelsolin contains at least two Ca2+ binding sites with affinities of 2.5 x 10(7) M-1 and 1.5 x 10(5) M-1. At F-actin and gelsolin concentrations in the range of those found(More)
We have quantitated the in vitro interactions of profilin and the profilin-actin complex (PA) with the actin filament barbed end using profilin and nonmuscle beta,gamma-actin prepared from bovine spleen. Actin filament barbed end elongation was initiated from spectrin seeds in the presence of varying profilin concentrations and followed by light scattering.(More)
We have investigated the effects of profilin on nucleotide binding to actin and on steady state actin polymerization. The rate constants for the dissociation of ATP and ADP from monomeric Mg-actin at physiological conditions are 0.003 and 0.009 s-1, respectively. Profilin increases these dissociation rate constants to 0.08 s-1 for MgATP-actin and 1.4 s-1(More)
The delay or lag phase at the onset of polymerization of actin by neutral salt is generally attributed to an actin nucleation reaction. However, when nucleation is circumvented by the use of phalloidin-stabilized nuclei, a lag phase persists when Ca2+-containing actin is polymerized with MgCl2. Pretreatment of actin with ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethyl(More)
We have reinvestigated nucleotide binding to actin in order to resolve conflicts regarding the mechanism of nucleotide dissociation and exchange. We present evidence that supports a mechanism for nucleotide binding to actin in which the tightly bound divalent cation (Ca2+ or Mg2+) directly interacts with the bound nucleotide. The dissociation rates of ATP(More)