James E. Dixon

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Regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling is critical in vertebrate development, as several members of the TGF-beta family have been shown to act as morphogens, controlling a variety of cell fate decisions depending on concentration. Little is known about the role of intracellular regulation of the TGF-beta pathway in development.(More)
Cells in the pluripotent ground state can give rise to somatic cells and germ cells, and the acquisition of pluripotency is dependent on the expression of Nanog. Pluripotency is conserved in the primitive ectoderm of embryos from mammals and urodele amphibians, and here we report the isolation of a Nanog ortholog from axolotls (axNanog). axNanog does not(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether multiple sclerosis (MS) and non-MS white matter brain lesions can be distinguished by their appearance on 7 T T2*-weighted MRI. METHODS This was an observational study of 28 patients with MS and 17 patients with cerebral white matter lesions who did not have MS. Subjects were imaged using 7 T T2*-weighted imaging. White(More)
In in vitro cultures of liver from Ambystoma mexicanum glycogenolysis was stimulated by adrenaline, glucagon, and vasopressin in a dose-dependent manner. Maximum activity was seen at 10(-6) M hormone while 10(-9) M was without effect. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (10(-3) M) stimulated glycogenolysis maximally although 10(-5) M had no effect. The glucose release(More)
Breast cancer is a disease characterised by both genetic and epigenetic alterations. Epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor genes is an early event in breast carcinogenesis and reversion of gene silencing by epigenetic reprogramming can provide clues to the mechanisms responsible for tumour initiation and progression. In this study we apply the(More)
The limited ability of the heart to regenerate has prompted development of new systems to produce cardiomyocytes for therapeutics. While differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into cardiomyocytes has been well documented, the process remains inefficient and/or expensive, and progress would be facilitated by better understanding the early(More)
5-Methylcytosine (5mC) is an epigenetic modification involved in regulation of gene activity during differentiation. Tet dioxygenases oxidize 5mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). Both 5fC and 5caC can be excised from DNA by thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG) followed by regeneration of unmodified cytosine(More)
The paper presents an overview of a nationwide research and implementation programme in New Zealand entitled ‘Low impact urban design and development: making it mainstream’ and reports on two aspects of the research underway. The purpose of the programme is to facilitate the uptake and implementation of low impact urban design and development (LIUDD)(More)
Many cell therapy approaches aim to deliver high-density single-cell suspensions to diseased or injured sites in the body. Long term clinical success will in part be dependent on the cells that remain viable and that assume correct functionality post-administration. The research presented in this paper focuses on the potential of cell aggregate delivery to(More)