James E. Dixon

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Two avian genes encoding essential steps in the purine nucleotide biosynthetic pathway are transcribed divergently from a bidirectional promoter element. The bidirectional promoter, embedded in a CpG island, directs coexpression of GPAT and AIRC genes from distinct transcriptional start sites 229 bp apart. The bidirectional promoter can be divided in half,(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play an important role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. With over 30 PTPs identified, the specific functions of these enzymes are now being addressed. The identification of extracellular domain receptor-like PTP interactions and the characterization of intracellular PTP 'targeting' domains represent(More)
Protein post-translational modification is a method cells use to regulate their response to external and internal stimulL A conunon post-translational modification employed in this regulatory mechanism k pro-rein pbospborylation. Protein phnspherylation states can regulate enzyme activity as well as the cellular location of proteins. Cells adjust the(More)
Amplification and overexpression of ERBB-2 in human breast cancer is thought to play a significant role in the progression of the disease; however, its precise role in the aetiology of altered phenotypes associated with human breast cancer is unknown. We have previously shown that exogenous overexpression of ERBB-2 conferred growth factor independence on(More)
Regulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling is critical in vertebrate development, as several members of the TGF-beta family have been shown to act as morphogens, controlling a variety of cell fate decisions depending on concentration. Little is known about the role of intracellular regulation of the TGF-beta pathway in development.(More)
AIMS Long-QT syndromes (LQTS) are mostly autosomal-dominant congenital disorders associated with a 1:1000 mutation frequency, cardiac arrest, and sudden death. We sought to use cardiomyocytes derived from human-induced pluripotency stem cells (hiPSCs) as an in vitro model to develop and evaluate gene-based therapeutics for the treatment of LQTS. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is a disease characterised by both genetic and epigenetic alterations. Epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor genes is an early event in breast carcinogenesis and reversion of gene silencing by epigenetic reprogramming can provide clues to the mechanisms responsible for tumour initiation and progression. In this study we apply(More)
Little is known about extrinsic signals required for the advancement of motor neuron (MN) axons, which extend over long distances in the periphery to form precise connections with target muscles. Here we present that Rnf165 (Arkadia-like; Arkadia2; Ark2C) is expressed specifically in the nervous system and that its loss in mice causes motor innervation(More)
Reprogramming of somatic cells to pluripotent cells promises to transform regenerative medicine. Recently many groups have achieved direct reprogramming of somatic cells by forced expression of defined factors using multiple viral vectors. However , such induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells contain a number of viral vector integrations, any one of which(More)
family of signalling molecules with key functions in nervous system development and function. They regulate cell survival, axon guidance and targeting, synaptic formation and function, learning and memory. Deficient NGF function occurs in Alzheimer's disease and alterations in BDNF function underlie psychiatric and cognitive disorders such as epilepsy,(More)