Learn More
BACKGROUND The authors evaluated the influence of temperature on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of vecuronium because mild core hypothermia doubles its duration of action. METHODS Anesthesia was induced with alfentanil and propofol and maintained with nitrous oxide and isoflurane in 12 healthy volunteers. Train-of-four stimuli were applied to(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, reversal of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents was achieved using acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, but these are unable to adequately reverse profound blockade. Sugammadex is a novel reversal agent, reversing the effects of rocuronium by encapsulation. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of sugammadex versus(More)
We compared the duration of action and recovery times for vecuronium in normothermic and mildly hypothermic patients. Ten patients were actively cooled to a central body temperature near 34.5 degrees C, and ten were maintained at a normothermic central temperature (greater than 36.5 degrees C); temperature was measured in the distal esophagus. Vecuronium(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetics, maximum effect, and time course of action of neostigmine were studied in seven human volunteers. METHODS Each volunteer was studied twice, during both normothermia and hypothermia. Anesthesia was induced with 30 microg/kg alfentanil and 3 mg/kg propofol, and was maintained with 60-70% nitrous oxide and 0.7-0.9% isoflurane.(More)
To investigate the effect of mild hypothermia on the neuromuscular junction sensitivity to vecuronium, we determined the pharmacodynamics (concentration-effect relationship) of vecuronium in 10 patients (ASA physical class I or II; age range, 21-46 yr; weight range, 54-104 kg), during isoflurane-nitrous oxide-fentanyl anesthesia. Five were cooled to a mean(More)
To determine the effect of end-stage renal disease on the pharmacokinetics of reocuronium bromide (ORG 9426), a new nondepolarizing monoquaternary steroidal neuromuscular blocking drug, the authors administered 600 micrograms/kg rocuronium (2 x ED95) intravenously to ten patients undergoing cadaver renal transplantation and ten healthy patients undergoing(More)
Several lines of evidence support the hypothesis that oxygen free radicals are involved in the destruction of neurons in various degenerative disorders of the central nervous system. The activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, three enzymes that contribute to the cellular defenses against free radical damage, were measured(More)
The neuromuscular blocking effects and pharmacokinetics of ORG 9426, 1.5 mg/kg and ORG 9616, 1.2 mg/kg iv, two new nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs, were studied in 28 cats (i.e., 14 cats with each drug) with and without renal pedicle ligation. A gas chromatographic assay was used to determine the concentrations of ORG 9426 and ORG 9616 and its(More)
UNLABELLED The neuromuscular effects of dexmedetomidine in humans are unknown. We evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine on neuromuscular block and hemodynamics during propofol/alfentanil anesthesia. During propofol/alfentanil anesthesia, the rocuronium infusion rate was adjusted in 10 volunteers to maintain a stable first response (T1) in the(More)
UNLABELLED Several anesthetic techniques have been used successfully to provide anesthesia for resection of intracranial supratentorial mass lesions. One technique used to enhance recovery involves changing anesthesia from vapor-based to propofol-based for cranial closure. However, there are no data to support a beneficial effect of this approach in the(More)