James E. Bina

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The two complete genomic sequences of Helicobacter pylori J99 and 26695 were used to compare the paralogous families (related genes within one genome, likely to have related function) of genes predicted to encode outer membrane proteins which were present in each strain. We identified five paralogous gene families ranging in size from 3 to 33 members; two(More)
Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae cause cholera, a severe diarrheal disease responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Two determinants, cholera enterotoxin (CT) and toxin coregulated pilus (TCP) are critical factors responsible for this organism's virulence. The genes for these virulence determinants belong to a network of genes (the ToxR(More)
Francisella tularensis, a gram-negative, facultative, intracellular bacterium, is the etiologic agent of tularemia and a category A bioterrorism agent. Little is known about the mechanism of pathogenesis of tularemia. In this paper, we describe the interaction of the live vaccine strain of F. tularensis with the innate immune system. We have found that in(More)
The innate immune response to Francisella tularensis is primarily mediated by TLR2, though the bacterial products that stimulate this receptor remain unknown. Here we report the identification of two Francisella lipoproteins, TUL4 and FTT1103, which activate TLR2. We demonstrate that TUL4 and FTT1103 stimulate chemokine production in human and mouse cells(More)
Francisella tularensis is a gram-negative facultative intracellular pathogen and the causative agent of tularemia. Recently, genome-wide screens have identified Francisella genes required for virulence in mice. However, the mechanisms by which most of the corresponding proteins contribute to pathogenesis are still largely unknown. To further elucidate the(More)
Vibrio cholerae is a gram-negative human intestinal pathogen that causes the diarrheal disease cholera. Humans acquire cholera by ingesting V. cholerae-contaminated food or water. Upon ingestion, V. cholerae encounters several barriers to colonization, including bile acid toxicity and antimicrobial products of the innate immune system. In many gram-negative(More)
Cyclo(Phe-Pro) is a cyclic dipeptide produced by multiple Vibrio species. In this work, we present evidence that cyclo(Phe-Pro) inhibits the production of the virulence factors cholera toxin (CT) and toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) in O1 El Tor Vibrio cholerae strain N16961 during growth under virulence gene-inducing conditions. The cyclo(Phe-Pro) inhibition(More)
Francisella tularensis ssp. tularensis is a category A select agent and the causal organism for the zoonotic disease tularemia. The vast majority of F. tularensis isolates are beta-lactamase-positive. beta-lactamase production is widely believed to be responsible for the inefficacy of beta-lactams in the treatment of tularemia. In this study, we report the(More)
Intranasal instillation is a widely used procedure for pneumonic delivery of drugs, vaccine candidates, or infectious agents into the respiratory tract of research mice. However, there is a paucity of published literature describing the efficiency of this delivery technique. In this report we have used the murine model of tularemia, with Francisella(More)