James E Biggs

Learn More
Peripheral nerve injury activates spinal microglia. This leads to enduring changes in the properties of dorsal horn neurons that initiate central sensitization and the onset of neuropathic pain. Although a variety of neuropeptides, cytokines, chemokines and neurotransmitters have been implicated at various points in this process, it is possible that much of(More)
Peripheral nerve injury can promote neuropathic pain. The basis of the 'central sensitization' that underlies this often intractable condition was investigated using 14-20-day chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve of 20-day-old rats followed by electrophysiological analysis of acutely isolated spinal cord slices. In addition, defined-medium(More)
Abnormal neural activity generated at a site of nerve injury is thought to contribute to the development of dysaesthesia. Vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), a transducer of noxious stimuli, may be involved in the initiation of this abnormal activity and could provide a useful therapeutic target. We investigated the effect of a specific TRPV1 antagonist(More)
We have investigated a possible role for vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), a transducer of noxious stimuli, in the development of neuropathic pain following injury to a peripheral branch of the trigeminal nerve. In nine adult ferrets the left lingual nerve was sectioned and recovery permitted for 3 days, 3 weeks or 3 months (3 ferrets per group). A retrograde(More)
We have investigated a possible role for the ATP receptor subunit P2X(3), in the development of neuropathic pain following injury to a peripheral branch of the trigeminal nerve. In nine anaesthetised adult ferrets the left lingual nerve was sectioned and recovery permitted for 3 days, 3 weeks or 3 months (3 ferrets per group). A retrograde tracer,(More)
The lingual nerve, a peripheral branch of the trigeminal nerve, can be damaged during the surgical removal of lower third molar teeth. This damage can lead to the development of dysaesthesia, with some patients complaining of burning pain. We investigated the hypothesis that vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), a transducer of noxious heat stimuli, was involved in(More)
The α2δ-ligands pregabalin (PGB) and gabapentin (GBP) are used to treat neuropathic pain. We used whole cell recording to study their long-term effects on substantia gelatinosa and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Spinal cord slices were prepared from embryonic day 13 rat embryos and maintained in organotypic culture for >5 wk (neuronal age equivalent to(More)
Maladaptive neuropathic pain results from injury or disease of the nervous system. It is typically chronic and frequently intractable. Standard analgesics, such as opioids, are of little use, while gabapentinoids (pregabalin and gabapentin) are not universally effective. In peripherally generated neuropathic pain, an initial inflammatory response releases a(More)
Ultrasonic instrumentation has added a new horizon to endodontic treatment possibilities. It is a tool in the arsenal of instruments currently used by almost every endodontist in the United States. The use of ultrasonic instrumentation was formerly confined solely to periodontics, but has slowly come to be an indispensable tool in endodontics as well.
Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the rat sciatic nerve increases the dorsal horn excitability. This “central sensitization” leads to behavioral manifestations analogous to those related to human neuropathic pain. We found, using whole-cell recording from acutely isolated spinal cord slices, that 7-to 10-day-long CCI increases excitatory synaptic drive(More)