James E. Baumgardner

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One of the proposed mechanisms of ventilator-associated lung injury is cyclic recruitment of atelectasis. Collapse of dependent lung regions with every breath should lead to large oscillations in PaO2 as shunt varies throughout the respiratory cycle. We placed a fluorescence-quenching PO2 probe in the brachiocephalic artery of six anesthetized rabbits after(More)
Alveolar ventilation/perfusion ratio (VA/Q) is a key parameter in functional imaging of the lung. Herein, regional VA/Q was calculated from regional values of alveolar partial pressure of oxygen (PAO2) measured by hyperpolarized 3He gas MRI (HP 3He MRI). Yorkshire pigs (n = 7, mean weight = 25 kg) were paralyzed and maintained under isoflurane anesthesia.(More)
In vivo detection of H(2)(17)O produced via metabolic reduction of inhaled (17)O-enriched gas is demonstrated using proton magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Specifically, (1)H T(1rho)-weighted MRI, which may be readily implemented on any MRI scanner, is applied as an indirect (17)O imaging method to quantitatively monitor the distribution of metabolically(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) production by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is dependent on O(2) availability. The duration and degree of hypoxia that limit NO production are poorly defined in cultured cells. To investigate short-term O(2)-mediated regulation of NO production, we used a novel forced convection cell culture system to rapidly (response time of 1.6 s) and(More)
We developed micropore membrane inlet mass spectrometer (MMIMS) probes to rapidly measure inert-gas partial pressures in small blood samples. The mass spectrometer output was linearly related to inert-gas partial pressure (r(2) of 0.996-1.000) and was nearly independent of large variations in inert-gas solubility in liquid samples. We infused six inert(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) catalyzes the reaction that converts the substrates O(2) and l-arginine to the products nitric oxide (NO) and l-citrulline. Macrophages, and many other cell types, upregulate and express iNOS primarily in response to inflammatory stimuli. Physiological and pathophysiological oxygen tension can regulate NO production by(More)
BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has potential benefit in cats at risk for thromboembolic disease. However, LMWH pharmacokinetics has not been characterized in the cat. Drug effect with LMWH may be evaluated with analysis of factor Xa inhibition (anti-Xa) or thromboelastography (TEG). HYPOTHESIS Administration of LMWH at previously(More)
The predictions of a single-path trumpet-bell numerical model of steady-state CO2 and infused He and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) washout were compared with experimental measurements on healthy human volunteers. The mathematical model used was a numerical solution of the classic airway convention-diffusion equation with the addition of a distributed source(More)
Volutrauma and atelectrauma have been proposed as mechanisms of ventilator-associated lung injury, but few studies have compared their relative importance in mediating lung injury. The objective of our study was to compare the injury produced by stretch (volutrauma) vs. cyclical recruitment (atelectrauma) after surfactant depletion. In saline-lavaged(More)
OBJECTIVE Cyclic recruitment and derecruitment of atelectasis can occur during mechanical ventilation, especially in injured lungs. Experimentally, cyclic recruitment and derecruitment can be quantified by respiration-dependent changes in PaO2 (ΔPaO2), reflecting the varying intrapulmonary shunt fraction within the respiratory cycle. This study investigated(More)