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Malathion was sprayed using a truck-mounted ultra-low volume (ULV) aerosol generator. The generator was operated at 41.4 kPa (6 psi) at flow rate of 128 ml (4.3 fl. oz.) per min. Malathion concentrations were measured at selected positions on live, stationary human subjects wearing protective clothing and placed along a transect at right angles to the path(More)
Ninety-six-hour static acute toxicity tests were conducted in the laboratory to determine the effects of a 47 ml/m2 (50 gal/acre) application of Arosurf MSF (2 mole ethoxylate of isostearyl alcohol) on Fundulus similus, Palaemonetes pugio, Palaemonetes paludosus, Uca spp., Procambarus spp., Gammarus spp., Asellus spp., Streptocephalus seali, Physa spp.,(More)
The study was conducted to determine the effect of four forms of selenium on inhibition of DMBA-induced mammary tumors. BALB/c virgin female mice were fed the AIN-76 diet containing 0.2 or 2.0 ppm Se as selenite, selenate, selenomethionine, or selenocystine prior to and for 6 months post DMBA-treatment. At necropsy, mammary glands were histologically(More)
The efficacy of sustained release Altosid sand granules to control adult Aedes taeniorhynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus emergence was investigated. Sand granules applied at a 7-day preflood application rate of 5.6 kg/ha controlled 99% of the Ae. taeniorhynchus emergence in saltwater plots for 44 days posttreatment and 35% of Cx. quinquefasciatus in(More)
Two hydraulic spray nozzle systems, a flat fan and a high-pressure hollow cone, were used for ultra-low-volume application of the mosquito adulticide fenthion under a multiple swath scheme. Eight swaths at 322-m intervals were applied from a height of 91 m to simulate operational conditions. Deposition, effects on nontarget organisms (fiddler crabs), aerial(More)
Field experiments with the mosquito adulticide fenthion (Baytex) compared the conventional flat-fan nozzle system (Tee Jet 8002SS) and a new high-pressure hollow-cone nozzle system (1/8 MISS). Ground deposition and aerial flux of the mosquito adulticide fenthion were measured up to 4.83 km downwind by using filter paper and yarn collectors, respectively.(More)
Caged fiddler crabs, Uca pugilator, were exposed to field ULV applications to measure the impact of fenthion. Two nozzle systems, conventional flat-fan nozzles (Tee Jet 8002SS) and high-pressure hydraulic nozzles (1/8 MIS), were compared using single spray swaths. Fenthion residues were detected throughout the 4.83-km test zone for both systems. Heavy(More)
A study to determine the effects of machine pressure and insecticide flow rate on the size of aerosol droplets as they relate to the Cythion label was conducted with 3 different ground ULV aerosol generators. An increase in flow rate required a corresponding increase in blower pressure to maintain the labeled droplet mass median diameter of 17 microns or(More)