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The Phanerozoic Record of Global Sea-Level Change
We review Phanerozoic sea-level changes [543 million years ago (Ma) to the present] on various time scales and present a new sea-level record for the past 100 million years (My). Long-term sea levelExpand
Unlocking the Ice House: Oligocene‐Miocene oxygen isotopes, eustasy, and margin erosion
Oxygen isotope records and glaciomarine sediments indicate at least an intermittent presence of large continental ice sheets on Antarctica since the earliest Oligocene (circa 35 Ma). The growth andExpand
3.3-million-year-old stone tools from Lomekwi 3, West Turkana, Kenya
Human evolutionary scholars have long supposed that the earliest stone tools were made by the genus Homo and that this technological development was directly linked to climate change and the spreadExpand
Ocean overturning since the Late Cretaceous: Inferences from a new benthic foraminiferal isotope compilation
[1] Benthic foraminiferal oxygen isotopic (d 18 O) and carbon isotopic (d 13 C) trends, constructed from compilations of data series from multiple ocean sites, provide one of the primary means ofExpand
Visions of ice sheets in a greenhouse world
Abstract Backstripped eustatic estimates from New Jersey and the Russian platform show large (> 25 m) and rapid ( δ 18 O record highlights the enigma. This was the warmest interval of the past 200Expand
Orbital climate forcing of δ13C excursions in the late Paleocene–early Eocene (chrons C24n–C25n)
[1] High-resolution stable carbon isotope records for upper Paleocene–lower Eocene sections at Ocean Drilling Program Sites 1051 and 690 and Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 550 and 577 show numerousExpand
Stepwise transition from the Eocene greenhouse to the Oligocene icehouse
The Eocene–Oligocene transition is the largest global cooling in the Cenozoic period. A comparison of three independent proxies from the continental shelf and deep ocean reveals a three-stepExpand
Early and Middle Miocene stable isotopes: Implications for Deepwater circulation and climate
The middle Miocene δ18O increase represents a fundamental change in the ocean-atmosphere system which, like late Pleistocene climates, may be related to deepwater circulation patterns. There has beenExpand
Control of North Atlantic Deep Water Circulation by the Greenland‐Scotland Ridge
Coherent bathymetric features along the Reykjanes Ridge indicate that there were significant changes in the flux of buoyant material within the Icelandic Hot Spot during the Neogene. The radialExpand