Learn More
Ethinyl estradiol (EE) is a strong promoter of hepatocarcinogenesis. Treatment of rats with EE and other hepatic promoters induces a mitosuppressed state characterized by decreased hepatocyte turnover and reduced growth responsiveness. Previously, we identified several nuclear and mitochondrial genome-encoded mitochondrial genes whose transcripts were(More)
In western society, the causes of several cancers--including breast, endometrium, ovary, liver, and prostate--have been linked to inappropriate and/or prolonged exposure to synthetic or endogenous steroidal hormones. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of estrogen carcinogenesis with a focus on estrogen metabolism to 16 alpha-hydroxy estrone and 2-(More)
N1-ethyl-N11-[(cyclopropyl)methyl]-4,8,-diazaundecane (CPENSpm) is a polyamine analogue that represents a new class of antitumor agents that demonstrate phenotype-specific cytotoxic activity. However, the precise mechanism of its selective cytotoxic activity is not known. CPENSpm treatment results in the superinduction of the polyamine catabolic enzyme(More)
  • J D Yager
  • 2000
A common thread linking the main risks for developing breast cancer in women is cumulative, excessive exposure to estrogen. The standard paradigm to account for this association focuses on increased cell proliferation caused by estrogen through estrogen receptor-mediated signal transduction accompanied by increased probability for mutation to occur during(More)
Mounting evidence suggests that catechol metabolites of estradiol may contribute to the development of estrogen-induced cancers. O-Methylation, catalyzed by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), inactivates catechol estrogens. COMT is polymorphic in the human population, with 25% of Caucasians being homozygous for a low activity allele of the enzyme(More)
We observed previously that estrogen treatment increased the transcript levels of several mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded genes for mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) proteins and MRC activity in rat hepatocytes and human Hep G2 cells. Others have reported detection of estrogen receptors (ER), ERalpha and ERbeta, in mitochondria of rabbit ovarian and(More)
A problem traditionally encountered with primary hepatocyte cultures is their rapid dedifferentiation, which is reflected not only in decreased liver-specific functions, but also in dedifferentiated morphology: the cells flatten, depolarize, and lose many of the surface characteristics of normal hepatocytes in vivo. However, culture conditions that maintain(More)
A nested case-control study was conducted to examine the association between serum concentrations of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), the primary metabolite of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the development of breast cancer up to 20 years later. Cases (n = 346) and controls (n(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyzes the O-methylation of catechol estrogens (CEs), using S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) as a methyl donor. Several studies have indicated that the val108met COMT polymorphism, which results in a 3-4-fold decrease in activity, is associated with increased breast cancer risk. Folate, whose intake levels have also been(More)