James D. Watson

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PURPOSE Our goal was to validate linear and nonlinear intersubject image registration using an automated method (AIR 3.0) based on voxel intensity. METHOD PET and MRI data from 22 normal subjects were registered to corresponding averaged PET or MRI brain atlases using several specific linear and nonlinear spatial transformation models with an automated(More)
In pursuing our work on the organization of human visual cortex, we wanted to specify more accurately the position of the visual motion area (area V5) in relation to the sulcal and gyral pattern of the cerebral cortex. We also wanted to determine the intersubject variation of area V5 in terms of position and extent of blood flow change in it, in response to(More)
We have used positron emission tomography (PET), which measures regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), to demonstrate directly the specialization of function in the normal human visual cortex. A novel technique, statistical parametric mapping, was used to detect foci of significant change in cerebral blood flow within the prestriate cortex, in order to(More)
ProFunc (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/thornton-srv/databases/ProFunc) is a web server for predicting the likely function of proteins whose 3D structure is known but whose function is not. Users submit the coordinates of their structure to the server in PDB format. ProFunc makes use of both existing and novel methods to analyse the protein's sequence and structure(More)
We used the technique of PET to determine whether visual signals reach visual area V5, specialized for visual motion, when a human patient, blinded by a lesion in area V1, discriminates the direction of motion of visual stimuli and shows, through his verbal reports, that he is consciously aware of both the nature of the visual stimulus and its direction of(More)
Brain activity during reading tasks was investigated using PET. The aim was to account for differences in the results of two previous studies [those of Petersen et al. (Science 1990; 249: 1041-4) and Howard et al. (Brain 1992; 115: 1769-82)] by systematically varying the type of reading task and the exposure duration of the word stimuli. Both variables(More)
In a small proportion of the normal population, stimulation in one modality can lead to perceptual experience in another, a phenomenon known as synaesthesia. In the most common form of synaesthesia, hearing a word can result in the experience of colour. We have used the technique of PET, which detects brain activity as changes of regional cerebral blood(More)
We have used the technique of positron emission tomography to study and compare the cortical activity produced when humans view a pattern of small squares moving incoherently with respect to one another and when the same pattern moves coherently and unidirectionally. A stationary version of the stimulus acted as a control. Our choice of paradigm was(More)
1. The role of supra-brainstem structures in the ventilatory response to inhaled CO2 is unknown. The present study uses positron emission tomography (PET), with infusion of H2(15)O, to measure changes in relative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in order to identify sites of increased neuronal activation during CO2-stimulated breathing (CO2-SB) in awake(More)