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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To observe rates of gastrostomy tube (g-tube) placement in Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) and to determine whether relieving airway obstruction solves feeding difficulties. STUDY DESIGN All PRS referrals to a multidisciplinary cleft team for children at a tertiary pediatric hospital from January 1988 to June 2006 were retrospectively(More)
OBJECTIVES Objectives of the study were to determine the effectiveness of distraction osteogenesis of the mandible to relieve airway obstruction in children with tongue-base airway obstruction and to describe the new surgical techniques developed for use in infants and young children. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized study. METHODS Analysis of 11(More)
In response to infection in the middle ear, inflammatory cells produce cytokines--potent regulators and mediators of the immune response. In an earlier study, we demonstrated that levels of the cytokine interleukin 1 were higher in middle-ear effusions from younger children, while levels of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor were higher in middle-ear(More)
Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) is a rare congenital anomaly that results from failed posterior fusion of the cricoid cartilage and incomplete development of the tracheoesophageal septum. LTEC presents with increased secretions, respiratory distress, aspiration and recurrent pulmonary infections. The severity of presenting symptoms is dependent on the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the long-term outcomes and complications in infants with upper airway obstruction and feeding difficulty who underwent bilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) within the first 3 months of life and to identify any preoperative characteristics that may predict the long-term outcome following early MDO intervention for airway(More)
Many studies have been done recently to determine the role of various stresses on the heart and peripheral vasculature. Although damage to coronary arteries and renal vessels has been well described, the ear as an end-organ in small vessel disease has been largely neglected. In a previous study, we examined the effects of noise, hypertension, and an(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of positional plagiocephaly and brachycephaly in teenagers born after the "Back to Sleep" campaign but before orthotic helmet treatment became widely available and to provide long-term outcomes data on those children with plagiocephaly who were not treated with remolding therapy. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional(More)
We report the ninth case of plexiform neurofibroma of the larynx, which occurred in a 2-year-old with multiple café au lait spots and obstructive sleep apnea. In discussing this clinical problem, we have attempted to make the following points. A patient's having more than six café au lait spots of greater than 1.5-cm diameter is diagnostic of von(More)
It is difficult to recognize and treat the factors that exacerbate the vascular crises of sickle cell disease. We describe a 12-year-old black girl with sickle cell anemia who, since the age of 9 years, has been repeatedly hospitalized for pain associated with vaso-occlusive disease. A diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea was suggested by the history and(More)
Swelling and pain of the peri-orbital tissues in patients with sickle cell disease has been described. This has most often been ascribed to orbital apex syndrome, but there are recent reports in the literature of frontal bone infarctions compounding this syndrome. We will present a case report of a child with sickle cell disease with bilateral orbital(More)