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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study represents a novel characterisation of KCNQ-encoded potassium channels in the vasculature using a variety of pharmacological and molecular tools to determine their role in contractility. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) experiments were undertaken on RNA isolated from mouse(More)
The protection of cells in the upper intestine against digestion by pancreatic trypsin depends on the prostanoid prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and is mediated by protease-activated receptors in the epithelium. As the airway epithelium is morphologically similar and also expresses one of these receptors, PAR2, and is a major source of PGE2, we reasoned that(More)
Uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade contributes to the pathophysiology of several conditions, including acute and chronic lung diseases. Coagulation zymogens are considered to be largely derived from the circulation and locally activated in response to tissue injury and microvascular leak. Here we report that expression of coagulation factor(More)
KCNQ gene expression was previously shown in various rodent blood vessels, where the products of KCNQ4 and KCNQ5, Kv7.4 and Kv7.5 potassium channel subunits, respectively, have an influence on vascular reactivity. The aim of this study was to determine if small cerebral resistance arteries of the rat express KCNQ genes and whether Kv7 channels participate(More)
5-APB, commonly marketed as 'benzofury' is a new psychoactive substance and erstwhile 'legal high' which has been implicated in 10 recent drug-related deaths in the UK. This drug was available on the internet and in 'head shops' and was one of the most commonly sold legal highs up until its recent UK temporary ban (UK Home Office). Despite its prominence,(More)
The study was undertaken to assess the marine environmental effects from feed and waste associated with aquaculture activities. Metal compositions of sediment, lobster, and feed were used to evaluate the extent of detectable effects at 0 m (under the cage) and 50 m distance. Sediments that were collected under the cages and were characterised as hypoxic or(More)
Cell-surface protease-activated receptors (PARs) appear to have evolved to detect extracellular enzymatically active serine proteases such as trypsin and thrombin. The predominant location of PARs on endothelia and epithelia and the discovery of enzymes such as trypsin within these tissues, together with the linkage of PARs to cytoprotective pathways,(More)
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) acts as a receptor for trypsin and trypsin-like enzymes. The role of this receptor in airway inflammation is uncertain. In this study we assessed the effect of activation of PAR2 following intranasal administration of the peptide activator of PAR2, SLIGRL, over 72 h in mice. The extent of immune cell infiltration into(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 are expressed on gastrointestinal smooth muscle, but knowledge of their functionality is limited. The aim of this study was to determine if PAR-1 and PAR-2 mediate gastrointestinal smooth muscle relaxation and to clarify the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Responses to PAR activation using the(More)
Members of the K(v)7 voltage-gated K(+) channel family are important determinants of cardiac and neuronal membrane excitability. Recently, we and others have shown that K(v)7 channels are also crucial regulators of smooth muscle activity. The aim of the present study was to assess the K(v)7 expression in different parts of the murine gastrointestinal (GI)(More)