James D Doecke

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OBJECTIVES:Despite increased prescription of a gluten-free diet for gastrointestinal symptoms in individuals who do not have celiac disease, there is minimal evidence that suggests that gluten is a trigger. The aims of this study were to determine whether gluten ingestion can induce symptoms in non-celiac individuals and to examine the mechanism.METHODS:A(More)
There is no consensus for a blood-based test for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Expression profiling of small non-coding RNA’s, microRNA (miRNA), has revealed diagnostic potential in human diseases. Circulating miRNA are found in small vesicles known as exosomes within biological fluids such as human serum. The aim of this work was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify plasma biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN Baseline plasma screening of 151 multiplexed analytes combined with targeted biomarker and clinical pathology data. SETTING General community-based, prospective, longitudinal study of aging. PARTICIPANTS A total of 754 healthy individuals serving as controls(More)
UNLABELLED RUNX2 gene SNPs were genotyped in subjects from the upper and lower deciles of age- and weight-adjusted femoral neck BMD. Of 16 SNPs in RUNX2 and its two promoters (P1 and P2), only SNPs in the P2 promoter were significantly associated with BMD. These P2 promoter SNPs were functionally different in gel-shift and promoter activity assays. (More)
Diagnosis of the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes (T1D) is preceded by the appearance of circulating autoantibodies to pancreatic islets. However, almost nothing is known about events leading to this islet autoimmunity. Previous epidemiological and genetic data have associated viral infections and antiviral type I interferon (IFN) immune response genes(More)
Rates of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus (EAC) and esophago-gastric junction (EGJAC) have increased rapidly in recent decades. The primary risk factors, gastro-esophageal acid reflux and smoking, are potentially genotoxic through the generation of N-nitroso compounds. The DNA repair protein O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is the major(More)
Since hyperinsulinaemia may promote obesity-linked cancers, we compared type 2 diabetes prevalence among oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) patients and population controls. Diabetes increased the risk of OAC (adjusted odds ratio 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04–2.43), although the risk was attenuated after further adjusting for body mass index (1.32,(More)
Rates of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus (EAC) and esophagogastric junction (EGJAC) have been rising rapidly in recent decades, in contrast to the declining rates of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). Obesity is a major risk factor for both EAC and EGJAC, but not ESCC, and there is speculation that obesity promotes adenocarcinoma development(More)
UNLABELLED Cholestatic liver diseases, such as cystic fibrosis (CF) liver disease and biliary atresia, predominate as causes of childhood cirrhosis. Despite diverse etiologies, the stereotypic final pathway involves fibrogenesis where hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are recruited, producing excess collagen which initiates biliary fibrosis. A possible(More)
Dementia is a global epidemic with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) being the leading cause. Early identification of patients at risk of developing AD is now becoming an international priority. Neocortical Aβ (extracellular β-amyloid) burden (NAB), as assessed by positron emission tomography (PET), represents one such marker for early identification. These scans(More)