James D. Button

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N6-Methyladenosine is a ubiquitous modification identified in the mRNA of numerous eukaryotes, where it is present within both coding and noncoding regions. However, this base modification does not alter the coding capacity, and its biological significance remains unclear. We show that Arabidopsis thaliana mRNA contains N6-methyladenosine at levels similar(More)
N(6)-Methyladenosine (m(6)A) is a modified base present in the mRNA of all higher eukaryotes and in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where there is an increase in m(6)A levels during sporulation. The methyltransferase, Ime4, is responsible for this modification and has a role in the initiation of meiosis. However, neither the function, nor the extent of(More)
We employed the photoaffinity probe 8-azido-adenosine 5'-triphosphate (aATP) to identify the nuclear envelope (NE) nucleosidetriphosphatase activity (NTPase) implicated in control of RNA transport. The photoprobe was hydrolyzed at rates comparable to those for ATP, with a Michaelis constant of 0.225 mM. Photolabeling was dependent upon UV irradiation(More)
The major nucleoside triphosphatase of rat liver nuclear scaffold, a 46 kD protein thought to participate in nucleocytoplasmic RNA translocation, is distinct from immunologically-identified scaffold actin on Western blots, has a substantially different amino acid composition, and its enzymatic activity is not affected by anti-actin antibodies. Thus,(More)
A method is described for the detection of certain nucleotide modifications adjacent to the 5' 7-methyl guanosine cap of mRNAs from individual genes. The method quantitatively measures the relative abundance of 2'-O-methyl and N(6),2'-O-dimethyladenosine, two of the most common modifications. In order to identify and quantitatify the amounts of(More)
Rat prion-related protein (PrP) cDNA has been cloned and sequenced. Comparison of this cDNA with those from human, hamster, and mouse indicates extremely high conservation (about 95%). The deduced partial rat PrP possesses: (a) a highly conserved region composed of repetitive sequences in what is presumably an extracellular domain, (b) a hydrophobic(More)
Photoaffinity labelling has been used to identify the major nuclear matrix nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase) as a 46 kD polypeptide, which appears to represent the same polypeptide photolabelled in nuclear envelope. Nuclear matrix NTPase and its photolabelling were selectively decreased in the acute phase response of rat liver, which also encompasses(More)
Prelabeled rat liver nuclei were purified, detergent-rinsed to remove cytoplasmic RNA contaminants and incubated in two in vitro RNA transport assays. Appropriate compartmentation of nuclear RNA sequences was maintained in an assay containing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), which prevents nuclear swelling in aqueous media. Under these conditions, poly(A)+ RNA(More)
DNA is the purported target of several carcinogenic and mutagenic agents. Nuclear enzymes which could generate or detoxify reactive metabolites are of major concern. Several such enzymes have been identified within nuclei, but obtaining samples with enriched content or activity is difficult, time-consuming, and uses harsh isolation techniques. Extraction of(More)
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