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Between September 1985 and December 1987, 74 patients underwent attempted endoscopic biliary therapy using a combined percutaneous transhepatic and endoscopic transpapillary approach (combined procedure). All patients had had failed endoscopy-alone procedures and had contraindications to surgery. The indication was palliation of malignant biliary(More)
Ultrasonography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were performed in 216 patients with known or suspected pancreatic disease. Both techniques provided accurate information in all groups of patients (normals and those with recurrent acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, and cancer), and there were no complications. Ultrasound scans(More)
Between 1983 and 1988, endoscopic sphincterotomy was attempted on 1000 consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of bileduct stones in a centre with a policy to establish immediate bileduct drainage for retained stones. Endoscopic cholangiography was successful in 985 patients, of whom 782 had visible stones and 203 had a dilated bileduct but no(More)
Iron deficiency of 10 g/dl haemoglobin or less was found in 18 (3.5%) of 511 patients admitted in one year to the Middlesex Hospital Geriatric Unit. Three patients were frail and not investigated. Gastro-intestinal lesions were demonstrated in all remaining 15 patients and specific therapy was instituted in 10 cases. Surgery was performed for colonic cancer(More)
Between January 1986 and July 1988 needle knife papillotomy was attempted in 103 patients after failure of conventional access for endoscopic sphincterotomy (96 cases) or diagnostic cholangiography (seven cases). Access was obtained at the same session in 36 cases and at a subsequent attempt within 2 to 5 days in a further 43, an overall success rate of(More)
One hundred and one patients were studied in a double-blind controlled trial to assess the role of oral cimetidine in preventing the continuation or recurrence of acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage from various sources, chiefly peptic ulcer. The dose of cimetidine was 800 mg on entering the study followed by 400 mg six hourly. The source of bleeding(More)
A patient with von Recklinghausen's disease died with a malignant schwannoma of the stomach and was found at autopsy to have neurofibromatosis of the gastrointestinal tract, a plexiform neurofibroma of the myocardium and a phaechromocytoma. Malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in von Recklinghausen's disease is rare, and this case highlights the(More)
Between January 1975 and December 1979, 71 patients over the age of 70 underwent attempted duodenoscopic sphincterotomy for stones in the common bile duct. Fifteen patients still had gall bladders in situ. Sphincterotomy was possible in 69 of the patients and in 65 of these duct clearance was achieved, giving an overall success rate of 92%. Failure to(More)
During the 5 year period to May 1988, 137 consecutive patients (age range, 65-102 years; median 84 years) with a diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, were referred to The Middlesex Hospital Geriatric Department. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was successful in 96.2% of cases and immediate biliary drainage was achieved in all but one of these patients. Stones were(More)