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This paper presents a real-time speech recognition system used to transcribe broadcast radio speech. The system is based on Abbot, the hybrid connectionist-HMM large vocabulary continuous speech recognition system developed at the Cambridge University Engineering Department 1]. Developments designed to make the system more robust to acoustic variability and(More)
We report a prospective study of the incidence of fractures in the adult population of Edinburgh, related to age and gender. Over a two-year period, 15,293 adults, 7428 males and 7865 females, sustained a fracture, and 5208 (34.0%) required admission. Between 15 and 49 years of age, males were 2.9 times more likely to sustain a fracture than females (95% CI(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals who sustain a low-energy fracture are at increased risk of sustaining a subsequent low-energy fracture. The incidence of these refractures may be reduced by secondary preventative measures, although justifying such interventions and evaluating their impact is difficult without substantive evidence of the severity of the refracture(More)
A review of the records of 3147 patients with hip fractures admitted to the authors' institution during a 5-year period revealed that 95 (3%) patients were aged 50 years or less at the time of fracture. Of patients between the ages of 20 and 40 years, hip fracture most commonly occurred in men after high-energy injuries. These injuries commonly occurred in(More)
The client-server model is being advocated for speech recognition over networks, where the acoustic features are calculated by the client, compressed and transmitted to the server. This has provoked a number of papers claiming that as recognition accuracy and perceptual quality are different goals, a new compression approach is needed. This is verified by(More)
We performed transoesophageal echocardiography on 20 patients with femoral neck fractures randomly treated with an uncemented Austin-Moore or cemented Hastings hemiarthroplasty. Cemented arthroplasty caused greater and more prolonged embolic cascades than did uncemented arthroplasty. Some emboli were more than 3 cm in length. In some patients the cascades(More)
Exchange nailing for failure of union after primary intramedullary nailing of the tibia is widely used but the indications and effectiveness have not been reported in detail. We have reviewed 33 cases of uninfected nonunion of the tibia treated by exchange nailing. This technique was successful without open bone grafting in all closed fractures and in open(More)
In an analysis of vascular audit data on upper limb vascular trauma over a 10 year period in a major UK injury centre it was found that 15 patients required operation for subclavian or axillary artery injuries. Eleven cases were the result of blunt injury. Twelve patients had an ischaemic arm on presentation, all of whom had an associated brachial plexus(More)
We present the results of using the Grosse-Kempf interlocking nail in the management of 125 closed and type I open tibial fractures. The mean time to union was 16.7 weeks and no fracture required bone grafting. Mobilisation of the patient and the range of joint movement were better than with other methods of treating tibial fractures. There was a 1.6%(More)