James Chivers

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Cyclooxygenase (COX) has two isoforms. Generally, COX 1 is constitutively expressed in most tissues, where it maintains physiological processes; inducible COX 2 is considered a pro-inflammatory enzyme and a chief target for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Here we present evidence that COX 2 may have anti-inflammatory properties. In(More)
The in-vitro selectivity of a group of substituted benzamide drugs for brain neurotransmitter receptors was determined to assess the most appropriate drugs for use in human PET studies. All substituted benzamide drugs studied inhibited [3H]haloperidol and [3H]spiperone binding to rat striatal membranes. The most potent compounds were YM 09151-2, clebopride(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), or 0.9% saline, was administered to a group of common marmosets initially treated with the toxin 12-18 months previously. Initial treatment had consisted of a cumulative dose of 6-22 mg/kg (i.p.) which caused marked parkinsonism. Subsequently, the animals gradually recovered normal motor function. Further(More)
[3H]-spiperone is commonly used to label dopamine receptors in vitro in brain tissue. However, spiperone also interacts with brain 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline receptors. In vivo, [3H]-spiperone has been used for identifying dopamine receptors in both animals and man but the nature of the sites identified is unknown. The in vivo administration of(More)
The ability of some substituted benzamide drugs to define in-vivo the binding of [3H]spiperone to brain dopamine receptors in rats was assessed using behaviourally effective doses in comparison with haloperidol. As judged using haloperidol, [3H]spiperone identified dopamine receptors in the substantia nigra, striatum, tuberculum olfactorium and(More)
Following intravenous administration of [3H]spiperone or [3H]N,n-propylnorapomorphine (NPA) to rats, radioactivity derived from the ligands accumulated in the striatum and superior colliculus when compared with cerebellar levels. The accumulation of [3H]spiperone in both areas was prevented by intraperitoneal administration of (+)-butaclamol, haloperidol(More)
1. The interaction of substituted benzamides with brain benzodiazepine (BDZ) binding sites was examined by their ability to displace [3H]-flunitrazepam ([3H]-FNM) from specific binding sites in bovine cortical membranes in vitro. 2. Clebopride, Delagrange 2674, Delagrange 2335 and BRL 20627 displayed concentration-dependent displacement of [3H]-FNM with(More)
The in-vivo administration of [3H]spiperone caused an accumulation of radioactivity in the substantia nigra, tuberculum olfactorium, nucleus accumbens, striatum and frontal cortex when compared with cerebellar levels. Haloperidol (0.01-1.0 mg kg-1 i.p.) dose-dependently prevented the accumulation of [3H]spiperone in the substantia nigra, tuberculum(More)
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